Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol 73, No 2 (2016)

Novelties of gasteroid fungi, earthstars and puffballs, from the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest


https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2422

Dönis da Silva Alfredo
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Sistemática e Evolução, Centro de Biociências, Campus Universitário, Brazil

Julieth de Oliveira Sousa
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Sistemática e Evolução, Centro de Biociências, Campus Universitário, Brazil

Elielson Jacinto de Souza
Curso de Graduação em Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

Luana Mayra Nunes Conrado
Curso de Graduação em Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

Iuri Goulart Baseia
Departamento de Botânica e Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil

Abstract


The goal of this study was to increase the knowledge of gasteroid fungi in Atlantic Forest biome, which is considered one of the most important hot-spots of the world. Field expeditions were carried out in the Reserva Biologica Municipal de Santa Rita Mitzi Brandao area, in the southeastern part of Minas Gerais. 39 samples belonging to 11 species of earthstars and puffballs are new record for Minas Gerais, Geastrum javanicum Lév., Bovista cunninghamii Kreisel, and Lycoperdon lambinonii Demoulin are first records for Brazil. Information about the locality, morphological characters, illustrations of the basidiomata, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the basidiospores, as well as its distribution in Brazil, are given for all species.

Keywords


Agaricomycetes, Basidiomycota, biodiversity, Geastraceae, Lycoperdaceae, Taxonomy

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