Author Guidelines

Download HERE the Good Practice Code in PDF
Download HERE the Authorship Form in PDF


Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid (AJBM) is a journal published by the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) in electronic format and with free access on the web (

AJBM publishes original scientific research articles in the field of Botany, including its subdisciplines (descriptive taxonomy, systematics, anatomy, morphology, histology, physiology, evolution, genetics, ecology, biochemistry), and in relation to organisms from cyanobacteria to vascular plants.

Sending drafts for publication

The drafts should be sent to the journal's email ( addressed to the Director. Texts in Spanish or English will be accepted. The drafts should consist of:

― A single MS Word file (.doc, .docx or .rtf) including the text and legends of tables and figures at its end.
― Tables, each one in a single MS Word file (.doc, .docx or .rtf).
― Figures, each one in a single file (.tif, .tiff, .jpg, .jpeg, .jpe or .eps).

General format

Use Times New Roman, size 12 font and number the pages with Arabic numerals. All the illustrations (photographs, drawings, maps, and graphics) are treated as figures, are mentioned in the text and are numbered consecutively according to the order in which they are cited.

Organization of the draft

Contents of the first page

Title: up to a maximum of 120 characters. When appropriate, it must include one or two suprageneric ranks for the taxon or taxa treated. For example, “Synopsis of Chionanthus (Oleaceae) in Colombia and bordering countries and description of a new species”. Do not include the authors of the scientific names.

List of authors: Include their corresponding postal addresses, emails, and ORCID identifiers ( Each author will be associated to a superscript number that also precedes each of the aforementioned attributes. The author for the correspondence is identified additionally with a superscript asterisk.

Abbreviated title: up to a maximum of 50 characters.

Contents of the second page

Abstract: up to a maximum of 200 words and its translation (English if the article has been written in Spanish and vice versa) and a maximum of five keywords. The Abstract should not contain bibliographic references. Commonly accepted abbreviations may be used, such as h, min, s, mL, L, mg/L, °C, d, wk, mo, ITS, RPD, RFLP, rDNA, 18S etc.

Contents of the subsequent pages

The main body of the article should include the following sections: “INTRODUCTION”, “MATERIAL AND METHODS”, “RESULTS”, “DISCUSSION”, “ACKNOWLEDGMENTS” (optional) and “REFERENCES”. After the last section include the legends of tables and figures in order. For taxonomic treatments and checklists the results and the discussion may be combined as “RESULTS AND DISCUSSION”.

Use capital letters for the titles of the sections, as shown above. The titles of any subsection should be presented in lowercase italics (with a capital initial letter).

Bibliographic references

In the text they should be cited as follows: “Pau (1903)”, “Pau (1903: 273)”, “(Pau 1903)”, “(Pau 1903: 273)” or “Pau (1903, 1907)”. Multiple references should be included in parentheses in chronological order: “(Pau 1903; Font Quer 1934; Maas & Craigie 1964; Cornejo & al. 2011)”. References to works signed by two authors and published in the same year will be distinguished by lowercase letters in alphabetical order: “(Fernández & Cogollo 2016a)” and “(Fernández & Cogollo 2016b)”. When the citations refer to several articles whose first author is the same they should be distinguished as follows: “(Sánchez 2001a)”, “(Sánchez 2001b)”, “(Sánchez & al. 2001a)” and “(Sánchez & al. 2001b)”. In the list of references use the same letters as used in the citations of the text.

In the section "REFERENCES", the bibliographical references should be listed alphabetically. For works with a single author, use the first surname of the author (if it is the same, the author’s first name is used). Those references sharing the same first author should be arranged in chronological order. If the work is signed by two authors, and the first is the same, they will be sorted alphabetically by the last name of the second author (or by the initial letter of the name if they coincide); if they were the same, they will be ordered chronologically and the same lowercase letter code (a, b, c, ...) will be used for their citation in the text. When the work is signed by three or more authors the order will be chronological. All authors will be included; the expression "& al." is not used in this section. The titles of the publications will not be abbreviated in this section (unlike in the citation of protologues) and should be those recognized in the works Botanico-Periodicum-Huntianum (Lawrence & al. 1968; Bridson 1991, 2004, http: // www., as well as from Taxonomic Literature (Stafleu & Cowan 1976-1988, and its supplements, when they include them. Only published works should be included. Unpublished data or articles, or observations made by colleagues, will not be included in the format of a reference. The DOI (Digital Object Identifier, should be provided for each reference when possible.

See the examples prepared for each type of publication at the end of this document.

Figures and legends

The minimum final resolution of the figures in color or grayscale should be 350 dpi; for line drawings in black and white, 1200 dpi.

All figures must contain scale/scales. Identify each part of composite figures with a lowercase letter. Maps should include latitude and longitude lines. In graphs, the coordinate axes should be labelled.

The figure legends should be understandable by themselves; (indicate the name of the taxon and its authors, the herbarium code, the value of the scale, etc.

Legend example:

Fig. 22. Geranium californicum G.N.Jones & F.L.Jones: a, habit; b, sheet; c, inflorescence; d, flower; e, staminal filament; f, fruit; g, mericarpo [a, d-f, Hall and Chandler 224 leg. (UC); b, c, g, Ertter 6665 leg. (MA 234567); scales: a-c, f = 1 cm; d, e = 1 mm; g = 0.5 mm].


The nomenclature of scientific names should agree with the provisions of the current International Nomenclature Code (Turland & al. 2012,

The authors of the scientific names of the taxa must be included at the first mention of the name in the body of the text (also in figures and tables; and in the summary if nomenclatural issues are discussed). However, authorities are not included in the title of the article, nor in keywords. Authorities should be cited using the abbreviations proposed by Brummit & Powell (1992) and their updates in the IPNI database, see /

Genus names should be abbreviated when they are part of the title of the article.

In taxonomic treatments, the bibliographic references to the protologue or the name of the publication of each scientific name should be abbreviated according to Botanico-Periodicum-Huntianum (Hunt 2004, ? 1) for journal titles and Taxonomic Literature ed. 2 (Stafleu & Cowan 1976-1988, and its supplements for book titles. At the end of each reference, the publication will be cited in the usual manner, and also included in the REFERENCES section.


Centaurea cadevallii Pau, Butll. Catalan Institute Hist. Nat. 6: 46 (Cadevall 1906)
Centaurea polycephala sensu Willk., Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 156 (Willkomm & Lange 1865)

In references:

Cadevall J. 1906. Excursionisme botanich. Butlletí de la Institució Catalana d'Història Natural 6: 41‒46.
Willkomm H.M. & Lange J.M.C. 1865. Prodromus florae Hispanicae 2: 139. Sumtibus E. Schweizerbart (E. Koch), Stuttgart.

The specimens used for taxonomic revisions, as well as for chromosome counting or chemical analysis, or for the extraction of DNA, must be deposited in herbaria accessible to the public, especially the type material. Herbaria should be indicated in the text as acronyms, following Holmgren & al. (1990) and Index Herbariorum (Thiers 2019). The DNA sequences must be accompanied by their registration number in the GenBank database (, which must be requested prior to sending the manuscript to the journal.

In taxonomic treatments, the name of each accepted taxon should be written in bold italic font and numbered. (Indicate subspecific names by adding a lowercase letter in alphabetical order). The synonyms should be grouped by homotypic blocks in independent paragraphs.

As for the typographical conventions adopted for the reproduction of herbarium labels and handwritten notes, a simple bar ( / ) will be used to symbolize line breaks; a double bar ( // ) to separate different labels present in the same sheet; quotes ( “ ” ) to reproduce what can not be interpreted or formatted in a satisfactory way or that, deliberately, the author wants to reproduce in a literal way (verbatim); brackets ( [ ] ) to distinguish information that has been interpreted or inferred from the label text, such as localities and translations of the text; and ellipses ( ... ) to represent a part of an illegible word, word or passage in a handwritten text. Likewise, when such literal representation of a label is intended, the italics will be used for the transcription of the handwritten parts, the bold italics for the transcription of words or underlined passages and the round or regular type is used for the transcription of printed parts.

See the examples at the end of this document, where you will also find a table with the most commonly used abbreviations.

Identification keys should be dichotomous, with numbered entries, without indentation and should include only accepted taxa of the treatment (if other taxa of lower rank are also accepted, these may or may not be integrated in the general key). See an example of a dichotomous identification key at the end of this document.

For material cited in the text, use the following format, with countries arranged alphabetically: COUNTRY. First order administrative division: Locality, coordinates, elevation (m a.s.l.), date of collection, collector and collector number leg. (herbarium codes). See an example at the end of the document.

An index of collections may be added as an appendix immediately after the REFERENCES section. Entries should be ordered alphabetically by collector's last name and by collection number. The format is as follows: Collector and collector number, number of the accepted taxon with which it corresponds in the treatment. See an example of index of collections at the end of this document.


Those checklists that provide a sufficient number of corological novelties will be admitted for publication. The presentation of the studied or cited material will be adjusted to the examples shown at the end of this document. Bibliographic citations will include all the collection data present in the original publication, expanded or clarified if this is possible.


The sentences or headings of the general text should not begin with an abbreviation (apart from taxonomic blocks).

The numbers from one to nine should be written out (one, two, three, etc.) unless they correspond to a measure, a range or an indicator, or the number of organs in the morphological descriptions.

When mentioned in the text, Figures should be abbreviated (Fig., Figs.) but not Tables. Examples: Figs. 1, 2. Figs. 13. Figs. 2, 56, 8-9. Figs. 1c, 2b. Fig. 2ce. Fig. 1a, b.

Units should be abbreviated using standards proposed by the International System of Units.

See the list of abbreviations at the end of this document.

References mentioned above

Bridson G.D.R. (ed.) 1991. B-P-H / S: Botanical-Periodicum-Huntianum / Supplementum. Hunt Institute for botanical documentation, Pittsburg.

Bridson G.D.R. (ed.) 2004. BPH-2: Periodicals with Botanical Content. Vols. 12. Hunt Institute for botanical documentation, Pittsburg.

Lawrence G.H.M., Günther Buchheim A.F., Daniels G.S. & Dolezal H. (eds.) 1968. B-P-H: Botanico-Periodicum-Huntianum. Hunt Institute for botanical documentation, Pittsburg.

Stafleu RA. & Cowan R.S. 1976-1988. Taxonomic Literature: A Selective Guide to Botanical Publications and Collections with Dates, Commentaries and Types ed. 2. Vols. 94, 98, 105, 110, 112, 115116. Utrech, Antwerp, The Hague and Boston.

Stearn W.T. 1992. Botanical Latin: History, Grammar, Syntax, Terminology, and Vocabulary ed. 4. Timber Press, Portland.

Thiers B. 2019 [continuously updated]. Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbal and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden's Virtual Herbarium, New York.

Turland NJ, Wiersema JH, Barrie FR, Greuter W., Hawksworth DL, Herendeen PS, Knapp S., Kusber W.-H., Li D.-Z., Marhold K., May TW, McNeill J., Monro AM , Prado J., Price MJ & Smith G.F. (eds.) 2018. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Shenzhen Code) adopted by the Nineteenth International Botanical Congress Shenzhen, China, July 2017. [Regnum Vegetabile 159.] Koeltz Botanical Books, Glashütten.



― Article published in a journal:

Cuatrecasas J. 1958. Aspectos de la vegetación natural de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 10 (40): 221‒268.

Aedo C., Medina L., Barberá P. & Fernández-Albert M. 2015. Extinctions of vascular plants in Spain. Nordic Journal of Botany 33: 83‒100.

Helm M., Schmid M., Hierl G., Terneus K., Tan L., Lottspeich F., Kieliszewski M.J. & Gietl C. 2008. KDEL-tailed cysteine endopeptidases involved in programmed cell death, intercalation of new cells and dismantling of extensin scaffolds. American Journal of Botany 95 (9): 1049‒1062.

― Article published in a special volume (journals):

Santos Guerra A. 1996. Notas corológicas III: Adiciones florísticas y nuevas localidades para la flora canaria. In Aedo A. & Muñoz Garmendia F. (eds.), Volume honoring Manuel Laínz. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 54 (1): 445‒448.

― Book:

Peterson R.L., Massicotte H.B. & Melville L.H. 2004. Mycorrhizas: Anatomy and Cell Biology. CABI Publishing Series, New York.

Esau K. 1976. Plant Anatomy ed. 2. Wiley, New York.

Kuntze O. 1943. Revisio Generum Plantarum 1: 35‒37. Arthur Felix, Leipzig.

Jonker F.P. 1891. Triuridaceae. In Pulle A. (ed.), Flora of Suriname (Netherlands Guyana) vol. 1. J.H. de Bussy, Amsterdam.

― Book that belongs to a series:

Walter H. 1977. Zonas de vegetación y clima. Manuales flexibles de Ciencias Biológicas. Ediciones Omega, Barcelona.

― Chapter or article in a book:

Smith C.A., Alberts J.J. & Bond J. 2001. Pyrus L. In Castroviejo S. (ed.), Flora iberica 2: 313‒406. Editorial CSIC, Madrid.

Gentry A.H. 1995. Patterns of Diversity and Floristic Composition in Neotropial Montane Forest. In Churchill S.P., Balslev H., Forero E. & Luteyn J.L. (eds.), Biodiversity and Conservation of Neotropical Montane Forests: 103‒126. The New York Botanical Garden, New York.

― Book with several volumes or parts:

Rico E., Crespo M.B., Quintanar A., Herrero A. & Aedo C. (eds.). 2013. Liliaceae-Agavaceae. In Castroviejo S. (coord.), Flora iberica vol. 20. Editorial CSIC, Madrid.

― Article in congress book:

D'Arcy W.G. 1991. The Solanaceae since 1976, with a review of its biogeography. In Hawkes G.J., Lester R.N., Nee M. & Estrada N. (eds.), Solanaceae III: Taxonomy, Chemistry, Evolution: 75–137. Proceedings of Third International Conference on Solanaceae. Kew Publishing, Kew.

― Ph.D. Thesis or technical report:

Černá K. 2010. Spatial variability and ecology of phytobenthic algal assemblages in peat bogs. Ph.D. dissertation, Charles University of Prague, Prague.

Conkle M.T., Hodgskiss P.D. & Hunter S.C. 1982. Starch gel electrophoresis of conifer seeds: A laboratory manual. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PSW-64, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley.

― Websites:

Watson L. & Dallwitz M.J. 1992. The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval. Website: [accessed: 2 Apr. 2017].

― Presentations in scientific meetings and posters:

Vila-Viçosa C., Gonçalves J., Honrado J., Garcia C., Almeida R., Vázquez F.M. & Lomba A. 2018, March 20–24. Bridging Temperate and Mediterranean Regions: insights from marcescent forests in Iberian Peninsula. Climate Change Biogeography. Article presented at the meeting of the International Biogeographical Society, Evora, Portugal.

Adams-Labonte S.K. 2012, August. Daytime impairment due to college students’ technology use during sleep: Similarities to sleep apnea. Poster session presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Orlando, Florida.

― Symposia:

Krinsky-McHale S.J., Zigman W.B. & Silverman W. 2012, August. Are neuropsychiatric symptoms markers of prodromal Alzheimer’s disease in adults with Down syndrome? In Zigman W.B. (Chair), Predictors of mild cognitive impairment, dementia, and mortality in adults with Down syndrome. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Orlando, Florida.

― Meetings or conventions in blogs:

Mills K.I. 2012. Why do people hurt themselves? [Blog post]. Website: [accessed: 25 Jul. 2012].


― Name accepted:

8. Teucrium rivasii Rigual ex Greuter & Burdet, Willdenowia 15: 81 (Greuter & Burdet 1985); T. rivasii Rigual, Fl. Alicante: 344 (Rigual 1972), nom. inval.; T. rivasii var. glabrescens Rigual, Fl. Alicante: 344 (Rigual 1972), nom. inval.; T. buxifolium subsp. rivasii (Greuter & Burdet) M.B. Crespo, Mateo & Güemes, Bol. Soc. Brot. ser. 2, 63: 125 (Crespo & al. 1990); T. buxifolium var. rivasii (Greuter & Burdet) M.B. Crespo, Mem. Soc. Brot. 29: 121 (Crespo 1993). Original citation: “In fissuris prope Novelda.” [sec. Rigual (1972: 334)]. Type: [Spain] Monte Agudo [Monteagudo de Novelda], 3 May 1954, A. Rigual s.n. leg. (holo-: ABH 23804 photo!, ABH 23807 photo!).

― Name accepted with heterotypic synonym:

3. Centaurea hanrii Jord., Observ. Pl. Nouv. 5: 70, pl. 4B (Jordan 1847); C. polycephala sensu Willk., Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 156 (Willkomm & Lange 1865), non Jordan (1847); C. coerulescens subsp. hanrii (Jord.) Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 6: 43 (Bonnier 1923). Original citation: “(...) par lui à la Sainte-Beaume près Toulon (Var).”. Type: [Francia] Ste. Baume (Var), 10 Jul. 1846, H. Hanry s.n. leg. (lecto- designated by López & Devesa (2010: 123): LY-Bonaparte s.n.!).

C. cadevallii Pau, Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 6: 46 (Cadevall 1906). Original citation: “In nemorosis sterilibus agrorum marginibus Valldoreix, prope Sant Gugat del Vallés.” Type: [España] In nemorosis sterilibus agrorum marginibus Valldoreix, prope San Cugat del Vallés, J. Cadevall s.n. leg. (lecto- designated by López & Devesa (2010: 122): MA 135357 [upper left specimen] photo!; iso-: BC-Sennen s.n.n.v., MA 135358 photo!).

― Subspecies accepted:

6. Narcissus triandrus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 416 (Linnaeus 1762); Ganymedes triandrus (L.) Haw., Suppl. Pl. Succ.: 130 (Haworth 1819); Queltia triandra (L.) M. Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 203 (Roemer 1847). Original citation: “Habitat in Pyrenaeis.”. Type: Icon (lecto- designated by Barra & López (1982: 70): Clus., Exot. Libri: [20] (Clusius 1605)).

6a. Narcissus triandrus subsp. triandrus

N. reflexus Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 550 (Brotero 1804). Original citation: [Spain] “(...) in montosis Gerez, circa Amarante, et alibi in Duriminia.” Type: Not localized.

N. calathinus auct., non Linnaeus (1762).

6b. Narcissus triandrus subsp. pallidulus (Graells) Rivas Goday, Veg. Fl. Guadiana: 710 (Rivas Goday 1964); N. pallidulus Graells, Indic. Pl. Nov.: 9 (Graells 1854), bason. Original citation: “Crescit in ruprestibus regionis submontanae montium Carpetanorum: ad alt. 2500- 4000'; etiam inveni in nemorosis Argandae aliisque Castellae.”. Type: [Spain, Madrid] Silla de Felipe II prima vere, M.P. Graells s.n. leg. (lecto- designated by Aedo (2010: 138): MA 591812!; isolecto-: BM n.v., GOET n.v., MACB 56584 foto!, MPU n.v., OXF n.v., P!).

― Only one subspecies accepted:

2. Bellevalia dubia subsp. hackelii (Freyn) Feinbrun, Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 348 (Feinbrun 1940) [“Hackeli”]; B. hackelii Freyn, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 27: 289 (Freyn 1877), bason.; Hyacinthus dubius auct. Original citation: “Lusitaniae in collibus argilloso-lusitanico s. majo 1876 legit E. Hackel.”. Type: [Portugal] Not localized.

― Name on a label:

7. Stachys brachyclada De Noé in Balansa, Pl. Algérie no. 623 (1852), in sched. [“brachyoclada”]; S. hirta var. parviflora De Noé ex Bory & Durieu, Expl. Sci. Algérie, Bot. 1, pl. 65 (Bory & Durieu 1848), nom. subst. Original citation: “Champs en friche avoisinant la rade de Mer-el-Kébir” [sec. F. de Noé in Balansa, Pl. Algérie no. 623 (1852), in sched.]. Type: [Argelia] Champs en friche avoisinant la rade de Mer-el-Kébir, 20 Feb. 1852, B. Balansa s.n. leg. (syn-: G 00424778 photo!, MPU 020651 photo!, MPU 020652 photo!, MPU 020653 photo!).


3. Petiole 6―18(20) mm; leaf blades with 5―10 pairs of axillary domatia on the veins of the underside; axillary inflorescences 5―10 cm; corolla 13―17 mm; mature fruit 30―40 × 25―30 mm, subglobose, black .................. 3. Ch. colonchensis
― Petiole (12)15―30(35) mm; leaf blades without axillary domatia on the veins of the underside; axillary inflorescences 8―16(20) cm; corolla less than 10 mm; ripe fruit 45―50 × 42―47 mm, ellipsoid, purple ...... 8. Ch. megistocarpus
4. Leaves (15)20―30 cm; leaf blades with 10―20 pairs of lateral veins; inflorescences of 10 cm or more in length ...................................................... 5
― Leaves usually up to 15 cm; leaf blades with up to 10 pairs of lateral veins; inflorescences up to 10 cm ........................................ 7
5. Leaves with petioles 2―5 mm; foliar blades with 18―20 pairs of lateral veins, without domatia on the underside ........................................ 12. Ch. wurdackii
― Leaves with petioles 13―35 mm; leaf blades with 12―18 pairs of lateral veins, with domatia on the underside ............................................................ 6


SPAIN. Almería: Sierra de los Filabres, barranco de la Verruga, García-Zamora and Ros 1346 leg. (MUB). Asturias: Cangas del Narcea, Puerto de Leitariegos, Durieu s.n. leg. (PC). Málaga: 8 km south of Campillo, road from Ronda to Antequera, 400 m a.s.l., 24 Jul. 1971, Mercé 2572 leg., on Bromus madritensis (MA-Fungi 32984).
RUMANIA. Beszterce-Naszód: Mts. Rodnai, cacuminis mt. Ünökó, Péterfi 23456 leg. (BP 112955). Brasov: Mts. Fogarasi, vallis Arpasul, Vajda s.n. leg. (BP 70413).
TURKEY. Kayseri: Erciyas-dagh, Weberbauer s.n. leg. (W 2486). Tunceli: Kurdistan, Masgerth, Brotherus s.n. leg., “Brotherus, Musci turkestanici” n.° 28a (H-BR).


Ekman E.L. 13630 (14); Escobar M. & Santa J. 252 (14), 355 (14), 403 (17), 404 (17); Espinosa R. 19 (29); Felippone F. 720 (25), 837 (25), 839 (25), 839 (25), 960 p.p. (25), 990 (25), 2439 (25); Flores M. 308 (29); Florschütz P.A. 3974 (14), 4166 (14); Frahm J.-P. 824021 (4), 824071 (17); Frey T.C. 3072 & Frey E.M. (14).

The number in parentheses corresponds to the one that the accepted taxon takes in the treatment.


We include below a list with abbreviations commonly used in Botany, as they are used in AJBM. If not found here, preferably follow Stearn (1992).

Abbildung (illustration) Abb.
alii (others) al.
apud (in the publication of) ap.
auctorum (of the authors) auct.
basonym basón.
circiter (approximately), circa (around) c.
confer (compare with, see) cf.
combinatio (combination) comb.
cultivated cult.
cultivarietas (cultivar, taxonomic context) cv.
diameter of the trunk or bole at breast height (1.3 m above ground level) DBH
descriptio (description) descr.
editio (edition), editor (Editor) ed.
exceptus (excepted) exc.
exclusus (excluded) excl.
form (taxonomic rank) f.
family (taxonomic rank) fam.
fascicle fasc.
figure fig.
floruit (flourished), flower (in the citation of specimens, able to be accompanied by the symbols ♂, ♀ and ⚥) fl.
fruit (in the citation of specimens) fr.
genus (taxonomic rank) g.
group (taxonomic context) gr.
hybridus (hybrid) hybrid.
iconography ic.
ibidem (in the same place) ibid.
id est (namely) i. e.
inclusus (included) incl.
indicatio locotypica (original citation of locality) ind. loc.
unpublished (articles, data, results, etc.) inéd.
in erratis (in the errata of the work) in err.
in schedula (in a herbarium label) in sched.
plate lám.
loco citato (cited place) loc. cit.
locus classicus (type locality) loc. class.
number no.
manuscript ms.
nomen alternativum (alternative name) nom. alt.
nomen ambiguum (ambiguous name) nom. ambig.
nomen conservandum (name whose conservation has been accepted) nom. cons.
nomen conservandum propositum (name whose conservation has been proposed) nom. cons. prop.
nomen dubius (dubious name) nom. dub.
nomen illegitimum (illegitimate name) nom. illegit.
nomen invalidum (invalid name) nom. inval.
nomen nudum (nude name) nom. nud.
nomen provisorium (tentative name) nom. prov.
nomen rejiciendum (rejected name) nom. rejic.
nomen rejiciendum propositum (name proposed to be rejected) nom. rejic. prop.
nomen substitutum (replaced name) nom. subst.
nomen superfluum (superfluous name) nom. superfl.
nothosubspecies (hybrid subspecies) nothosubsp.
novus (new) nov.
non vidi (I have not seen it) n. v.
order (taxonomic context) ord.
orthographia conservanda (spelling whose conservation has been accepted) orth. cons.
pro maxima parte (so the most part does) p. max. p.
page p.
pages pp.
personal comment pers. comm.
plate pl.
prope (near, next to) pr.
sensu lato (in a broad sense) s.l.
sine anno (collections) s. a.
sine numero (collections, drawings, etc.) s. n.
sensu stricto (strictly speaking) s. str.
secundum (according to) sec.
sectio (section, taxonomic rank) sect.
series (series, taxonomic rank) ser.
meters above the sea level m a.s.l.
species (taxonomic rank) sp.
subclass (taxonomic rank) subcl.
subform (taxonomic rank) subf.
subfamily (taxonomic rank) subfam.
subgenus (taxonomic rank) subg.
subsection (taxonomic rank) subsect.
subspecies (taxonomic rank) subsp.
subvariety (taxonomic rank) subvar.
superfluus (superfluous) superfl.
synonymon substitutum (replaced synonym) syn. subst.
tabula (plate, illustration) tab.
Tafel (plate, illustration) Taf.
typus exclusus (excluding the type) typ. excl.
verbi gratia (for example) v. gr.
variety (taxonomic rank) var.
volume vol.
vidi (I have seen it) !

Research data policy

We recommend authors depositing data obtained from the research developed for the preparation of their article in repositories of recognized prestige, specific to the discipline or of a generalist nature. In any case, it must be a FAIR repository (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable), preferably in open access.

There are several repositories destined to conserve and disseminate concrete data such as results of surveys, observations, interviews, simulations, automatically collected data, samples, models ... If necessary, authors can consult the Registry of Research Data Repositories re3data taking into account that each repository has its own deposit rules.

Those CSIC authors who would like to deposit their datasets in Digital.CSIC may do so by following these guidelines. They can use the Servicio de Archivo Delegado made available by the Technical Office of DIGITAL.CSIC and the Red de Bibliotecas CSIC.

DIGITAL.CSIC generates DOIs for datasets and associated software and is certified as data repository in re3data and Repository Finder. More information at Política de datos en Digital.CSIC.

If the author has deposited datasets in a repository, he should mention it in the article providing a brief description of the type of data deposited, the name and URL of the repository, the identification code and the data of the license for use and distribution. This information must be included at the end of the article, immediately before the bibliographic listing, under the heading "Data availability".

Download HERE the Good Practice Code in PDF
Download HERE the Authorship Form in PDF

Privacy Statement

The Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) has a record of data processing activities. Data collected through this form will be incorporated and processed in the “Gestión de las actividades de producción y distribución de las publicaciones del CSIC” treatment activity of Editorial CSIC, in order to manage the requested service. It is the responsibility of Editorial CSIC to manage this record. If you wish to exercise your rights, please contact us through the contact address Vitruvio, 8, 28006 Madrid, Spain, e-mail address Data processing is legitimized by the consent of the affected. The data may not be transferred to third parties except in the cases provided for in current regulations on the protection of personal data. You have the right to file a claim with the Spanish Data Protection Agency. You have the right to withdraw your consent. In the event that you wish -or want to exercise the rights of access, deletion, rectification, limitation or portability- you can do so through the following form. You can also contact the CSIC Officer for Data Protection via email: