Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid <p><strong>Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid</strong> is a scientific journal published by <a title="Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CSIC</a> and edited by the <a title="Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid</a> that features original and unpublished articles in fields such as taxonomy and systematics of all plant groups and fungi, including related fields like biogeography, bioinformatics, conservation, ecophysiology, phylogeny, phylogeography, functional morphology, nomenclature and plant-animal relations, as well as reviews and summary works.</p> <p>Founded in 1941 it began to be available online in 2007, in PDF format, maintaining printed edition until 2016. That year it became an electronic journal publishing in PDF, HTML and XML-JATS. Contents of previous issues are also available in PDF files.</p> <p><strong>Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid</strong> is indexed in <a title="WOS" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Web of Science</a>: <a title="JCR" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Citation Reports</a> (JCR), <a title="SCI" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Science Citation Index Expanded</a> (SCI), <a title="CC" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Current Contents</a> - Agriculture, Biology &amp; Environmental Sciences and <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BIOSIS Previews</a>; <a title="SCOPUS" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SCOPUS</a>, <a title="CWTSji" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CWTS Leiden Ranking</a> (Journal indicators) Core publication, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">REDIB</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOAJ</a> and other national and international databases. It is indexed in Latindex Catalogue 2.0 and has obtained the FECYT Seal of Quality.</p> <p>The Journal provides information about new species for inclusion in the databases <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">TROPICOS</a> (Vascular Plants, Bryophyte), <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">International Plant Name Index</a> and <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IndexFungorum</a>.</p> <p><strong style="color: #800000;">Impact Factor</strong> 2020 (2 years): <strong>0.385</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Impact Factor</strong> 2020 (5 years): <strong>0.513</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Rank:</strong> <strong>230</strong>/235 (Q4, Plant Sciences)<br />Source: <a title="Clarivate Analytics" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Clarivate Analytics</a>©, <a title="JCR" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Citation Reports</a>®</p> <p><strong style="color: #800000;">Eigenfactor / Percentile</strong> 2020: <strong>0.00010</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Article influence/ Percentile</strong> 2020: <strong>0.134</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Eigenfactor Category:</strong> Ecology and Evolution<br />Source: © University of Washington©, <a title="EigenFACTOR" href=";searchby=issn&amp;orderby=year" target="_blank" rel="noopener">EigenFACTOR</a>®</p> <table style="width: 100%; border-spacing: 0px; border-collapse: collapse; margin-top: 40px;"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Open Access</p> <p class="check">No APC</p> <p class="check">Indexed</p> <p class="check">Original Content</p> </td> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Peer Review</p> <p class="check">Ethical Code</p> <p class="check">Plagiarism Detection</p> <p class="check">Digital Identifiers</p> </td> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Interoperability</p> <p class="check">Digital Preservation</p> <p class="check">Research Data Policy</p> <p class="check">PDF, HTML, XML-JATS</p> <p class="check">Online First</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> en-US <strong>© CSIC.</strong> Manuscripts published in both the printed and online versions of this Journal are the property of <strong>Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas</strong>, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.<br /><br />All contents of this electronic edition, except where otherwise noted, are distributed under a “<strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</strong>” (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the <strong><a href="" target="_blank">basic information</a></strong> and the <strong><a href="" target="_blank">legal text</a></strong> of the license. The indication of the CC BY 4.0 License must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.<br /><br />Self-archiving in repositories, personal webpages or similar, of any version other than the published by the Editor, is not allowed. (María Paz Martín Esteban) (Soporte Técnico Revistas-CSIC) mié, 30 jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 60 Recognition of Croton moschatus (Euphorbiaceae) for the nomenclature of Cuban plants <p>The previously overlooked name <em>Croton moschatus</em> Monteverde &amp; P.Betancourt is here recognized for a Cuban endemic species on the basis that it was validly published and has priority over the heterotypic synonyms <em>C. claraensis</em> Urb. and <em>C. sagranus</em> Müll.Arg. In this work, a neotype for the name <em>C. moschatus</em> is designated and lectotypes are designated for <em>C. claraensis</em> and <em>C. stenophyllus</em> Griseb. var. <em>rosmarinifolius</em> Müll.Arg. We also comment on the confusion surrounding the uses of <em>C. moschatus</em> and other relevant historical aspects.</p> Isidro E. Méndez Santos, Celio E. Moya López Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) mar, 08 jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Henckelia khasiana, a new species of Gesneriaceae from India <p>A new species of <em>Henckelia</em> (Gesneriaceae) is here described and illustrated. It is morphologically most similar to <em>H. oblongifolia</em> but differs in having lanceolate calyx lobes, two prominent longitudinal flaps on the inner surface of the corolla tube, bilobed stigma and tomentose capsules. A detailed description of the new species with colour photographs, affinities and a comparison with related species is given. Based on the present data, the new species is provisionally assessed as Critically Endangered (CR) according to IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria.</p> Santhosh Nampy, Mannar K. Akhil, Mohan Vishnu Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) mar, 08 jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 A new species of Parasopubia (Orobanchaceae) from the southern Western Ghats, India <p><em>Parasopubia raghavendrae</em>, a new species of Orobanchaceae is described from the southern Western Ghats of Kerala. It resembles <em>P. delphinifolia</em> and <em>P. hofmannii</em> var. <em>hofmannii</em> by its habit, shape, colour and hairiness of corolla lobes but differs by length of calyx tube, hairiness of staminal filaments and stomium, and shape and ornamentation of seeds. <em>Parasopubia raghavendrae</em> is hitherto known only from the type locality Mathikettan Shola National Park in Idukki district, Kerala. Detailed description of the new species along with colour photographs and comparison with its closely similar species are given. We also assessed provisionally the conservation status of the new species as Critically Endangered (CR) according to IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria.</p> Divya Korappara Venugopal, Santhosh Nampy, Ayilliath Kuttiyeri Pradeep, Dani Francis, Vishnu Mohan, Syam Radh Sasi Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) mar, 15 jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Diversity of Xanthoparmelia (Parmeliaceae) species in Mexican xerophytic scrub vegetation, evidenced by molecular, morphological and chemistry data <p>The genus <em>Xanthoparmelia</em> is the largest genus of lichen- forming fungi with about 800 species worldwide. <em>Xanthoparmelia</em> is also common in the deserts of central Mexico, but only a few molecular studies exist on its species’ diversity in this region. In this study, we sampled 38 <em>Xanthoparmelia</em> species from around the world including species from the xerophytic scrubs of central Mexico to assess the diversity using an integrative approach. Molecular phylogenetic analyses were performed using a combination of the ITS, mtSSU and nuLSU genetic markers. We evaluated our phylogenetic results in a context of traditional morphological and chemical characters. The combined evidence of molecular, morphological, and chemical data identified a total of 18 <em>Xanthoparmelia</em> species-level lineages occurring in central Mexico. However, numerous traditionally circumscribed species did not form monophyletic groups in the molecular phylogenetic reconstructions. This conflict indicates that taxonomy and species delimitation in the genus <em>Xanthoparmelia</em> requires revision and emphasizes the importance of molecular evidence for more robust species delimitations in this genus.</p> Alejandrina Barcenas-Peña, Steven D. Leavitt, Felix Grewe, H. Thorsten Lumbsch Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) mar, 15 jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Pentacalia gonocaulos (Asteraceae, Senecioneae), new combination for a species from Peru <p>On the basis of the revision of the original material and protologues, as well as the study of all the specimens at our disposal,&nbsp;<em>Senecio gonocaulos</em>&nbsp;DC. is transferred to the genus&nbsp;<em>Pentacalia</em>&nbsp;and the name&nbsp;<em>P. poeppigiana</em>&nbsp;A.Granda is included in the synonymy of the former name. Additionally, a lectotype is designated for&nbsp;<em>S. gonocaulos</em>&nbsp;and some observations and historical remarks on the type material of this species are provided.</p> Arturo Granda, Joel Calvo Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) mar, 15 jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Additions to the smut fungi of the Iberian Peninsula <p>After examination of specimens, mainly from the herbarium (MA) and the mycological collection (MA-Fungi) of the Royal Botanic Garden of Madrid, we report several novelties on smut fungi within Europe. Two species of smut fungi,&nbsp;<em>Sporisorium egyptiacum</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>Tilletia viennotii</em>, are reported for the first time from Europe. A finding of&nbsp;<em>Sphacelotheca polygoni-serrulati</em>&nbsp;represents a second record for Europe. Six species of smut fungi,&nbsp;<em>Moreaua kochiana</em>,&nbsp;<em>Schizonella elynae</em>,&nbsp;<em>Sporisorium egyptiacum</em>,&nbsp;<em>Thecaphora thlaspeos</em>,&nbsp;<em>Tilletia viennotii</em>, and&nbsp;<em>Ustanciosporium majus</em>, are recorded for the first time from the Iberian Peninsula. Five species of smut fungi,&nbsp;<em>Moreaua kochiana</em>,&nbsp;<em>Schizonella elynae</em>,&nbsp;<em>Sporisorium egyptiacum</em>,&nbsp;<em>Thecaphora thlaspeos</em>, and&nbsp;<em>Ustanciosporium majus</em>, are newly recorded from Spain. Three species,&nbsp;<em>Moreaua kochiana</em>,&nbsp;<em>Sphacelotheca polygoni-serrulati</em>, and&nbsp;<em>Tilletia viennotii</em>, are new for Portugal. A specimen of&nbsp;<em>Moreaua kochiana</em>&nbsp;represents a new record for France.&nbsp;<em>Arabis serpillifolia</em>&nbsp;is reported as a new host of&nbsp;<em>Thecaphora thlaspeos</em>. New distribution records from the Iberian Peninsula are given for&nbsp;<em>Anthracoidea arenariae</em>,&nbsp;<em>Microbotryum minuartiae</em>,&nbsp;<em>M. silenes-saxifragae,</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>Tranzscheliella sparti</em>. We also include a phylogenetic analysis of DNA sequences of&nbsp;<em>Moreaua kochiana,</em>&nbsp;generated in this study, to understand this species’ relationships within its genus.</p> Teodor T. Denchev, María P. Martín, Martin Kemler, Cvetomir M. Denchev Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) lun, 21 jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 The influence of environmental heterogeneity on the morphological and genetic diversity of Circaea lutetiana (Onagraceae) in Hyrcanian forests <p>Environmental gradients are important factors that can potentially influence the genetic diversity and differentiation of populations. The present study examines the effect of environmental heterogeneity of the Hyrcanian forests on populations of&nbsp;<em>Circaea lutetiana</em>&nbsp;L. (Onagraceae). Using morphometrics, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of leaf epidermis, and molecular markers, we analyzed genetic diversity and differentiation among nine populations from environmentally divergent habitats. Three different gene pools were observed. Our results indicate that the genetic structure is significantly correlated to environmental factors, but not to the geographical distance. Genetic clustering in&nbsp;<em>C. lutetiana</em>&nbsp;is affected by temperature, humidity, elevation, and average annual rainfall. Overall, our data indicate that gene flow does not contribute to explaining spatial patterns of genetic structure and the adaptation to the environment is the main factor shaping the genetic structure of the&nbsp;<em>C. lutetiana</em>&nbsp;populations. The populations belonging to each of the three gene pools have similarities in microclimate parameters, despite their geographical proximity, and populations from the same genetic pool can be up to 470 km apart. This evidence, as well as morphological and genetic similarities of the populations with greater geographical distance, suggest the possibility of cryptic speciation in this species.</p> Sedigheh Nikzat, Somayeh Ghasemzadeh-Baraki, Somayeh Naghiloo Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) mié, 30 jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200