Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid <p><strong>Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid</strong> is a scientific journal published by <a title="Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CSIC</a> and edited by the <a title="Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid</a> that features original and unpublished articles in fields such as taxonomy and systematics of all plant groups and fungi, including related fields like biogeography, bioinformatics, conservation, ecophysiology, phylogeny, phylogeography, functional morphology, nomenclature and plant-animal relations, as well as reviews and summary works.</p> <p>Founded in 1941 it began to be available online in 2007, in PDF format, maintaining printed edition until 2016. That year it became an electronic journal publishing in PDF, HTML and XML-JATS. Contents of previous issues are also available in PDF files.</p> <p><strong>Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid</strong> is indexed in <a title="WOS" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Web of Science</a>: <a title="JCR" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Citation Reports</a> (JCR), <a title="SCI" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Science Citation Index Expanded</a> (SCI), <a title="CC" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Current Contents</a> - Agriculture, Biology &amp; Environmental Sciences and <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BIOSIS Previews</a>; <a title="SCOPUS" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SCOPUS</a>, <a title="CWTSji" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CWTS Leiden Ranking</a> (Journal indicators) Core publication, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">REDIB</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOAJ</a> and other national and international databases. It is indexed in Latindex Catalogue 2.0 and has obtained the FECYT Seal of Quality.</p> <p>The Journal provides information about new species for inclusion in the databases <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">TROPICOS</a> (Vascular Plants, Bryophyte), <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">International Plant Name Index</a> and <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IndexFungorum</a>.</p> <p><strong style="color: #800000;">Impact Factor</strong> 2019 (2 years): <strong>0.667</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Impact Factor</strong> 2019 (5 years): <strong>0.737</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Rank:</strong> <strong>195</strong>/234 (Q4, Plant Sciences)<br />Source: <a title="Clarivate Analytics" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Clarivate Analytics</a>©, <a title="JCR" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Citation Reports</a>®</p> <p><strong style="color: #800000;">Eigenfactor / Percentile</strong> 2019: <strong>0.00017</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Article influence/ Percentile</strong> 2019: <strong>0.182</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Eigenfactor Category:</strong> Ecology and Evolution<br />Source: © University of Washington©, <a title="EigenFACTOR" href=";searchby=issn&amp;orderby=year" target="_blank" rel="noopener">EigenFACTOR</a>®</p> <table style="width: 100%; border-spacing: 0px; border-collapse: collapse; margin-top: 40px;"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Open Access</p> <p class="check">No APC</p> <p class="check">Indexed</p> <p class="check">Original Content</p> </td> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Peer Review</p> <p class="check">Ethical Code</p> <p class="check">Plagiarism Detection</p> <p class="check">Digital Identifiers</p> </td> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Interoperability</p> <p class="check">Digital Preservation</p> <p class="check">Research Data Policy</p> <p class="check">PDF, HTML, XML-JATS</p> <p class="check">Online First</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas en-US Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 0211-1322 <strong>© CSIC.</strong> Manuscripts published in both the printed and online versions of this Journal are the property of <strong>Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas</strong>, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.<br /><br />All contents of this electronic edition, except where otherwise noted, are distributed under a “<strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</strong>” (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the <strong><a href="" target="_blank">basic information</a></strong> and the <strong><a href="" target="_blank">legal text</a></strong> of the license. The indication of the CC BY 4.0 License must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.<br /><br />Self-archiving in repositories, personal webpages or similar, of any version other than the published by the Editor, is not allowed. Expansión de <em>Ludwigia helminthorrhiza</em> (Onagraceae) en Cuba <p>The introduction of <span class="s2"><em>Ludwigia helminthorrhiza </em></span>(Mart.) H.Hara (Onagraceae) into Cuba, by an unknown route, as well as its successful naturalization and sustained increase in its area of occupation for over 40 years is here confirmed. The importance of the quantity and quality of its diasporas for dispersal and establishment in new territories is discussed, as well as the effectiveness of the dispersal agents. The negative impacts (difficulties in the management of aquariums, sedimentation, blocking of light entry, reduction of oxygen exchange, and displacement of native species) and the positive impacts (food for fauna and bacteria housing that reduce pollution) of the introduction of this species were identified. An alert is issued regarding the possible expansion of this species to new freshwater reservoirs in the country.</p> Isidro Eduardo Méndez Santos Roeris González-Sivilla Copyright (c) 2020 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) 2020-12-16 2020-12-16 77 2 e104 e104 10.3989/ajbm.2547 Wild edible plant species used in the Ağrı province, eastern Turkey <p>Wild edible plant species found in Ağrı are nutritionally and economically relevant. Plants are collected by the villagers and brought to the market for sale in the spring. Interest in these plants responds to the increasing demand for organic and natural food. In this study, 350 in-depth face-to-face interviews with villagers about the edible plants used in Ağrı (7 districts, 35 villages) were conducted in the region from April 2016 to October 2017. The species, parts used and their consumption and preservation techniques were analyzed and documented. Some of the wild edible plant species are consumed cured or canned, raw or cooked, dried, and some are frozen. The collected 100 wild edible species belong to 25 different plant families. Species are consumed as vegetables (91), spices (19), beverages (16), subterranean parts (5), fruits (3), seeds (3) and exudates (2). The most important species according to their cultural importance were: <em>Amaranthus retroflexus</em>, <em>Beta trigyna</em>, <em>Gundelia tournefortii</em>, <em>Mentha longifolia</em>, <em>Polygonum persicaria, Rumex scutatus, Tragopogon porrifolius </em>subsp. <em>longirostris</em>, and <em>Urtica dioica. </em>Leaves and young shoots were the most frequently used parts. Our study shows that wild edible plants are still well known and used by the local people of Ağrı as a food source. The documented data on these plants herein could be used as baseline information for further investigations on nutritional contents, as they could have the potential to become valuable nutrition sources.</p> Zakine Kadioglu Kemal Cukadar Nalan Nazan Kalkan Huseyin Vurgun Ozkan Kaya Copyright (c) 2020 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) 2020-12-21 2020-12-21 77 2 e098 e098 10.3989/ajbm.2554 Rediscovery of the endangered lichen <em>Pseudocyphellaria aurata</em> (Lobariaceae, Ascomycota) in mainland Spain <p>Lichens, as well as other organisms, should be considered important biodiversity components for the establishment of priorities in conservation biology. In this study, we report six new recent localities of the highly endangered, epiphytic macrolichen <span class="s2"><em>Pseudocyphellaria aurata </em></span>in Spain: two in Navarra and four in A Coruña. Previous Spanish reports based on literature and herbarium specimens suggest a reduction of the distribution area of <span class="s2"><em>P. aurata </em></span>and local extinction. <span class="s2"><em>Pseudocyphellaria aurata </em></span>is known to be extinct in six localities, where it has not been observed since the middle of the 19<span class="s3">th </span>century (Cádiz, Pontevedra, Málaga). Four records reported for central Spain (Zaragoza, Salamanca, Teruel) are considered unplausible. The newly discovered populations are located in well-preserved patches of atlantic deciduous forest with strong oceanic influence, whose long-term ecological stability seems evident because of the presence of ancient trees. Nevertheless, these populations are small, fragmentary, and are threatened by habitat degradation, forestry and maybe fungal pathogens. Two populations, Intzola and Beba (Navarra and A Coruña, respectively), account for 75.7% of thalli. The localities with the highest number of trees colonized by <span class="s2"><em>P. aurata </em></span>are Santa Leocadia and Beba in A Coruña. We reassessed the conservation status of this species concluding that conservation initiatives must be implemented to avoid its extinction in mainland Spain.</p> Ibai Olariaga Graciela Paz-Bermúdez Javier Calvo Javier Etayo María Prieto Copyright (c) 2020 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 77 2 e099 e099 10.3989/ajbm.2558 Nomenclatural adjustments, new synonyms, and typifications in Senecio (Compositae) of the Chilean flora <p>Thus far, the genus <em>Senecio </em>L. in Chile has only been thoroughly revised by the Argentinian botanist Cabrera, who published a monograph in 1949. He treated 11 names as dubious, 10 of which have remained unresolved until now. Herein, the taxonomic position of six names is elucidated, i.e., <em>S. alsophilus </em>Phil., <em>S. araucanus </em>Phil., <em>S. leiophyllus </em>Turcz., <em>S. rufescens </em>DC., <em>S. simpsonii </em>Phil., and <em>S. tenuicaulis </em>Phil. Moreover, the priority name for the illegitimate <em>S. glaber </em>Less. is indicated, the name <em>S. botijae </em>C. Ehrh. is synonymized with <em>S. calcicola </em>Meyen &amp; Walp., and <em>S. borchersii </em>Phil. is synonymized with <em>S. hakeifolius </em>Bertero ex DC. The names <em>S. araucanus</em>, <em>S. hakeifolius</em>, <em>S. leiophyllus</em>, and <em>S. tocornalii </em>Phil. are lectotypified; likewise, <em>S. alsophilus </em>and <em>S. simpsonii </em>are neotypified.</p> Joel Calvo Copyright (c) 2020 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) 2020-12-21 2020-12-21 77 2 e100 e100 10.3989/ajbm.2574 Morphology and typification of <em>Szovitsia callicarpa</em> (Apiaceae) <p>The poorly known monotypic genus <em>Szovitsia </em>Fisch. &amp; C.A.Mey, in the Apiaceae family, is here revised. <em>Szovitsia callicarpa </em>Fisch. &amp; C.A.Mey. is an annual herb with a restricted distribution in the Caucasus region and adjacent areas of northwestern Iran and northeastern Turkey. The genus is unusual within the family because of the transverse plicae covering its fruits. In this study, morphological, micromorphological, and anatomical characters of <em>S. callicarpa </em>are reviewed. In addition, a previous lectotypification of the name <em>S. callicarpa </em>is discussed and amended.</p> Mustafa Çelik Özal Güner Özlem Çetin Bilal Şahin P. Pablo Ferrer Gallego Copyright (c) 2020 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) 2020-12-21 2020-12-21 77 2 e101 e101 10.3989/ajbm.2521 Traditional medicinal uses of the Eurasian wild grapevine in the Iberian Peninsula <p>The Iberian Peninsula constitutes the Western limit of the dioecious Eurasian wild grapevine (<em>Vitis vinifera </em>L. subsp. <em>sylvestris</em>). At present, it is a threatened plant, due to human impacts. This liana has had different uses in this territory from the Paleolithic until the end of the last century, including several medicinal applications, inherited from the classical Greek culture. In order to retrieve the available written information, we carried out an exhaustive bibliographic search of the pharmacopoeia linked to this Vitaceae, from the 16<span class="s2">th </span>century to the present day. Current references on chemical composition of different parts of grapevine and their medicinal uses were also covered. In parallel, we conducted research in several archives and made inquiries to historians, anthropologists, and sanitary personnel. We also interviewed elderly people from rural areas of Spain and Portugal where some relic populations of wild grapevine are still conserved. Among the written and oral medicinal uses compiled, the main ones are: the use of the grapevine bleeding water to alleviate eczema and skin eruptions and to combat conjunctivitis and keratitis; the use of must from unripe berries (<em>agua de agraz </em>in Spanish) as liver tonic and to treat digestive diseases; the leaves were used to reduce edema, as antihemorrhoidal, and for menopausal disorders; and finally, the vinegar was used to clean and disinfect wounds both on humans and animals. This paper highlights the tremendous erosion of the traditional knowledge about this relevant plant genetic resource.</p> Carlos A. Ocete Rafael F. Ocete Rafael Ocete Miguel Lara Gustavo Renobales José Manuel Valle Álvaro Rodríguez-Miranda Ramón Morales Copyright (c) 2020 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 77 2 e102 e102 10.3989/ajbm.2555 What is <em>Astragalus wiesneri</em>? Disentangling a new species from its relatives in section <em>Anthylloidei</em> <p>Here, we describe and illustrate a new alpine species of <em>Astragalus </em>sect. <em>Anthylloidei </em>from Iran. <em>Astragalus wiesneri </em>sp. nov., an interesting and rare species, is only known from the type locality in the Bul Mountain (near Eghlid city) in the southern Zagros Mountains. The new species is compared with close relatives, including <em>A. nigrohirsutus </em>and <em>A. lalesarensis</em>, which are also endemic to Iran. In addition, we assembled a dataset of nrDNA ITS sequences of 21 species (22 accessions) representing <em>A. </em>sect. <em>Anthylloidei </em>and ten species of other related spiny-cushion forming sections. Maximum likelihood methods and Bayesian Inference retrieved <em>A. wiesneri </em>sister to <em>A. nigrohirsutus</em>, a species growing in the same area as the new species. The description of <em>A. wiesneri </em>is presented along with a distribution map, some ecological information, field images, conservation status, and pertinent notes.</p> Amir H. Pahlevani Ali Asghar Maasoumi Shahrokh Kazempour-Osaloo Copyright (c) 2020 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 77 2 e103 e103 10.3989/ajbm.2573