Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid <p><strong>Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid</strong> is a scientific journal published by <a title="Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CSIC</a> and edited by the <a title="Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid</a> that features original and unpublished articles in fields such as taxonomy and systematics of all plant groups and fungi, including related fields like biogeography, bioinformatics, conservation, ecophysiology, phylogeny, phylogeography, functional morphology, nomenclature and plant-animal relations, as well as reviews and summary works.</p> <p>Founded in 1941 it began to be available online in 2007, in PDF format, maintaining printed edition until 2016. That year it became an electronic journal publishing in PDF, HTML and XML-JATS. Contents of previous issues are also available in PDF files.</p> <p><strong>Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid</strong> is indexed in <a title="WOS" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Web of Science</a>: <a title="JCR" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Citation Reports</a> (JCR), <a title="SCI" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Science Citation Index Expanded</a> (SCI), <a title="CC" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Current Contents</a> - Agriculture, Biology &amp; Environmental Sciences and <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BIOSIS Previews</a>; <a title="SCOPUS" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SCOPUS</a>, <a title="CWTSji" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CWTS Leiden Ranking</a> (Journal indicators) Core publication, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">REDIB</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOAJ</a> and other national and international databases. It is indexed in Latindex Catalogue 2.0 and has obtained the FECYT Seal of Quality.</p> <p>The Journal provides information about new species for inclusion in the databases <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">TROPICOS</a> (Vascular Plants, Bryophyte), <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">International Plant Name Index</a> and <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IndexFungorum</a>.</p> <p><strong style="color: #800000;">Journal Impact Factor (JIF)</strong> 2020 (2 years): <strong>0.385</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Journal Impact Factor (JIF)</strong> 2020 (5 years): <strong>0.513</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Rank by JIF:</strong> <strong>230</strong>/235 (Q4, Plant Sciences)<br />Source: <a title="Clarivate Analytics" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Clarivate Analytics</a>©, <a title="JCR" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Citation Reports</a>®</p> <p><strong style="color: #800000;">Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)</strong> 2020: <strong>0.16</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Rank by JCI:</strong> <strong>231</strong>/251 (Q4, Plant Sciences)<br />Source: <a title="Clarivate Analytics" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Clarivate Analytics</a>©, <a title="JCR" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Citation Reports</a>®</p> <p><strong style="color: #800000;">Eigenfactor / Percentile</strong> 2020: <strong>0.00010</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Article influence/ Percentile</strong> 2020: <strong>0.134</strong><br /><strong style="color: #800000;">Eigenfactor Category:</strong> Ecology and Evolution<br />Source: © University of Washington©, <a title="EigenFACTOR" href=";searchby=issn&amp;orderby=year" target="_blank" rel="noopener">EigenFACTOR</a>®</p> <table style="width: 100%; border-spacing: 0px; border-collapse: collapse; margin-top: 40px;"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Open Access</p> <p class="check">No APC</p> <p class="check">Indexed</p> <p class="check">Original Content</p> </td> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Peer Review</p> <p class="check">Ethical Code</p> <p class="check">Plagiarism Detection</p> <p class="check">Digital Identifiers</p> </td> <td style="width: 33%; text-align: left; vertical-align: top;"> <p class="check">Interoperability</p> <p class="check">Digital Preservation</p> <p class="check">Research Data Policy</p> <p class="check">PDF, HTML, XML-JATS</p> <p class="check">Online First</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas en-US Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 0211-1322 <strong>© CSIC.</strong> Manuscripts published in both the printed and online versions of this Journal are the property of <strong>Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas</strong>, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.<br /><br />All contents of this electronic edition, except where otherwise noted, are distributed under a “<strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</strong>” (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the <strong><a href="" target="_blank">basic information</a></strong> and the <strong><a href="" target="_blank">legal text</a></strong> of the license. The indication of the CC BY 4.0 License must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.<br /><br />Self-archiving in repositories, personal webpages or similar, of any version other than the published by the Editor, is not allowed. Morphology, anatomy and micromorphology of the genus Oliveria (Apiaceae) <p><em>Oliveria</em>&nbsp;is a little-known, monotypic genus of the family Apiaceae. The only accepted species,&nbsp;<em>O. decumbens</em>, is distributed throughout Mesopotamia. It is an annual, aromatic plant that has been used in traditional medicine since ancient times. The aim of this study was to examine morphological, micromorphological, and anatomical characters of&nbsp;<em>O. decumbens</em>&nbsp;in order to increase the current botanical knowledge of this genus.</p> Mustafa Çelik Hamdiye Alatli Leyla Gürlük Özlem Çetin Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) 2021-12-17 2021-12-17 78 2 e117 e117 10.3989/ajbm.2588 Neotype of Amanita spissa var. laeta (Basidiomycota, Amanitaceae) <p>While studying the genus&nbsp;<em>Amanita</em>&nbsp;in Brazil, a specimen identified by J. Rick as&nbsp;<em>Amanita spissa</em>&nbsp;var.&nbsp;<em>laeta</em>&nbsp;was found. Its morphological analysis suggested that this material certainly corresponded to the one used in the protologue of this name. For this reason, it is designated here as the neotype.</p> Felipe Wartchow Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) 2021-12-17 2021-12-17 78 2 e118 e118 10.3989/ajbm.2598 Malvaceae neotropicae novae vel minus cognitae X. New species of Quararibea from Colombia and Ecuador <p>In this advance of the taxonomic revision that is being carried out in the genus&nbsp;<em>Quararibea</em>&nbsp;(Malvaceae) for the north of South America, three new species are described in this contribution, which are compared morphologically with the species considered related in each case. A first,&nbsp;<em>Q. cornejoi</em>, known from the wet forests of western Ecuador that we associate with&nbsp;<em>Q. grandifolia</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>Q. casasecae</em>, taxa also distributed in the Pacific corridor of Ecuador and Colombia. A second species,&nbsp;<em>Q. latilimbata</em>, from the sub-Andean forests of the Central Cordillera of the Department of Antioquia, Colombia, related to the previous species and to the Amazonian species&nbsp;<em>Q. duckei</em>. All of them with an unusual trait in the genus, an androecium with the long staminal branches. Finally,&nbsp;<em>Q.villanuevae</em>, from the dry forests of the upper Magdalena Valley in the Department of Tolima, Colombia, associated with the Andean species&nbsp;<em>Q. foenigraeca</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>Q. caldasiana</em>. These last three species, which have androecium with smaller staminal branches, are assigned to a different morphological group. Illustrations and detailed photographs of the new species are included as well as keys to the identification of the treated species.</p> José Luis Fernández-Alonso Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) 2021-11-04 2021-11-04 78 2 e112 e112 10.3989/ajbm.2584 Systematic implications from a robust phylogenetic reconstruction of the genus Helianthemum (Cistaceae) based on genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) data <p>Molecular systematics requires the establishment of a robust phylogenetic framework including extensive geographical and taxonomic sampling. In this work, we proposed systematic changes in the genus&nbsp;<em>Helianthemum</em>&nbsp;based on phylogenetic trees obtained by both maximum likelihood and Bayesian analyses of GBS data. The implications of these phylogenetic results for the systematics of&nbsp;<em>Helianthemum</em>&nbsp;entail the establishment of a new subgenus and novel re-ascriptions of sections and species along with some nomenclatural novelties. The following new combinations are proposed:&nbsp;<em>Helianthemum</em>&nbsp;subg.&nbsp;<em>Eriocarpum</em>&nbsp;(Dunal) Martín-Hernanz, Velayos, Albaladejo &amp; Aparicio;&nbsp;<em>H. oelandicum</em>&nbsp;subsp.&nbsp;<em>conquense</em>&nbsp;(Borja &amp; Rivas Goday ex G.López) Martín-Hernanz, Velayos, Albaladejo &amp; Aparicio;&nbsp;<em>H. nummularium</em>&nbsp;subsp.&nbsp;<em>cantabricum</em>&nbsp;(M.Laínz) Martín-Hernanz, Velayos, Albaladejo &amp; Aparicio;&nbsp;<em>H. nummularium</em>&nbsp;subsp.&nbsp;<em>tinetense</em>&nbsp;(M.Mayor &amp; Fern.Benito) Martín-Hernanz, Velayos, Albaladejo &amp; Aparicio.</p> Sara Martín-Hernanz Mauricio Velayos Rafael G. Albaladejo Abelardo Aparicio Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) 2021-11-04 2021-11-04 78 2 e113 e113 10.3989/ajbm.2601 Diversity and distribution of lichens from the Cerro Duida and adjacent areas, Alto Orinoco, Amazonas, Venezuela <p>Increasing temperature and changing land-use in the Guayana Shield and Amazonia result in an accelerated decline of sensitive lichen populations. Monitoring of these populations by biological plot inventories in particularly vulnerable sites is urgently needed. In order to know the diversity and distribution of lichen species at the Alto Orinoco, Parque Nacional Duida-Marahuaca and nearby areas from Amazonas state, Venezuela, lichens were sampled during four expeditions in more than 40 plots located from 200 m (premontane forest) to more than 1500 m elevation (altotepuyana vegetation). Additional data were obtained from literature and herbaria. Our assessment, although incomplete, revealed 205 described species, 150 undescribed species, 84 genera and 27 families. Among the described species 162 were observed in the basimontane vegetation, 38 in the montane vegetation, 24 in the altotepuyana vegetation, while 20 appear to be endemic to the study area. Sixty-nine species are new records for the Cerro Duida. A checklist with taxonomic and ecological data is presented. Five new species and one new variety are described:&nbsp;<em>Cladonia duidana</em>&nbsp;V.Marcano &amp; A.Morales sp. nov. (Cladoniaceae),&nbsp;<em>Pertusaria orinoquensis</em>&nbsp;V.Marcano sp. nov.,&nbsp;<em>Sticta kunuhana</em>&nbsp;V.Marcano sp. nov. (Lobariaceae),&nbsp;<em>S</em>.&nbsp;<em>spruceana</em>&nbsp;V.Marcano sp. nov. (Lobariaceae),&nbsp;<em>Xanthoparmelia esmeraldensis</em>&nbsp;V.Marcano &amp; A.Morales sp. nov. (Parmeliaceae), and&nbsp;<em>Lepraria arbuscula</em>&nbsp;(Nyl.) Lendemer &amp; Hodk. var.&nbsp;<em>fumarprotocetrarica</em>&nbsp;V.Marcano var. nov.</p> Vicente Marcano Harrie J.M. Sipman Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) 2021-12-03 2021-12-03 78 2 e114 e114 10.3989/ajbm.2566 Basketry as an ecosystem service of wetlands: traditional crafts in central Spain <p>Ecosystem services from wetlands include products such as food, water, fibers, timber, medicinal plants, and genetic resources for agriculture. One of the most abundant supplies is the raw material for basketry. In this study we aim to document the role of wetland plants as resources for basketry and broom-making in the Guadiana river basin and to analyze the local traditional knowledge of the species used in the area. We describe different types of baskets and other artifacts, and document basketry techniques. We found 30 species belonging to 12 families, 18 of them occurring in wetlands, four in irrigated fields, and seven in the adjacent dry territories. Twenty species are used in the manufacture of brooms. Twenty two types of basketry artifacts are described with their uses. The area shows a relevant cultural heritage, not merely as it was in the past, but also adapted to the new cultural and social contexts. The degradation and loss of wetlands in central Spain threatens these ecosystems and their associated cultural heritage. We suggest the declaration of this intangible human heritage as the “Culture of the Mediterranean Wetlands” before it disappears.</p> José Fajardo Alonso Verde Diego Rivera Alejandro del Moral Emilio Laguna Segundo Ríos Concepción Obón Vicente Consuegra José García Francisco Alcaraz Arturo Valdés Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 78 2 e115 e115 10.3989/ajbm.2586 The Madeiran laurel forest endemic Goodyera macrophylla (Orchidaceae) is related to American orchids <p>Macaronesian laurel forests harbour many herbs and laurophyllous trees with Mediterranean/European or Macaronesian affinities. Traditionally, the origin of these taxa has been explained by the relict hypothesis interpreting these taxa as relics of formerly widespread laurel forests in the European continent and the Mediterranean. We analysed the phylogenetic relationships of the Madeiran laurel forest endemic&nbsp;<em>Goodyera macrophylla</em>&nbsp;(Orchidaceae) using sequences from the nuclear ribosomal DNA Internal Transcribed Spacers (ITS) and plastid DNA regions. The results were incongruent, either the two Central American&nbsp;<em>G. brachyceras</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>G. striata</em>&nbsp;(ITS) or the North American&nbsp;<em>G. oblongifolia</em>&nbsp;(plastid DNA) were sister group to&nbsp;<em>G. macrophylla</em>. Nonetheless, biogeographic analyses indicated an American origin of this nemoral laurel forest plant in the two data sets. Molecular clock analyses suggest a colonisation of Madeira in the span of the upper Miocene/lower Pliocene to the Pleistocene. Although the relict hypothesis cannot be ruled out by our data when assuming extinction events on the European and northern African mainland, dispersal from Central or North America to the archipelago of Madeira is a much more likely explanation of the data.</p> Mike Thiv Manuela Gouveia Miguel Menezes de Sequeira Copyright (c) 2021 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 78 2 e116 e116 10.3989/ajbm.2605