Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol 71, No 1 (2014)

Phylogenetic relationships of Erysimum (Brassicaceae) from the Baetic Mountains (SE Iberian Peninsula)


https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2377

Mohamed Abdelaziz
Biological and Environmental Sciences, School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling-Department of Genetics, University of Granada, United Kingdom

A. Jesús Muñoz-Pajares
Department of Genetics, University of Granada-Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, CIBIO, Spain

Juan Lorite
Department of Botany, University of Granada, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

M. Belén Herrador
Department of Ecology, University of Granada, Spain

Francisco Perfectti
Department of Genetics, University of Granada, Spain

José M. Gómez
Department of Ecology, University of Granada-Departament of Functional and Evolutionary Ecology, Estación Experimental de Zonas Aridas (EEZA-CSIC), Spain

Abstract


The Baetic mountains, located in the southern Iberian Peninsula, is a major hotspot of biodiversity in the Mediterranean Basin, constituting one of the most important glacial refugia for vascular plants in Europe. Despite their relatively limited extension, the Baetic Mountains contain almost 50% of the total endemic Erysimum species in the Iberian Peninsula. The broadly distributed Erysimum genus has diversified profusely in the Mediterranean region, with more than a hundred species described in the area, out of a total of c. 200 species included in the genus. We used two plastid DNA regions (ndhF and trnT-L) and one nuclear DNA region (ITS1-5.8S rDNA-ITS2), with 3,556 bp total length, to carry out phylogenetic analysis by Bayesian inference, maximum likelihood and maximum parsimony, in order to explore the evolutionary relationships between the Erysimum species inhabiting these ranges. Analyses of concatenated sequences from the two genomes identified two main clades with no overlap in species composition so that samples from the same species fell within the same major clade. The phylogenetic relationships depicted by those two clades do not give support to the E. nevadense group, previously proposed on taxonomic grounds. In addition, our results indicated recurrent changes in flower colour in the Baetic Erysimum species although, alternatively, reticulate evolution, which is suggested by incongruent position of taxa in the different trees, may have also affected this trait.

Keywords


cpDNA; flower colour; nDNA; Erysimum nevadense group; secondary contact

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References


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