Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol 56, No 1 (1998)

Ethnobotany of the genus Ocimum L. (Lamiaceae) by Afrobrasilian communities


https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.1998.v56.i1.224

Ulysses Paulino de Albuquerque
Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Centro de Ciencias Biológicas, Departamento de Botánica, Brazil

Laise de Holanda C. Andrade
Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Centro de Ciencias Biológicas, Departamento de Botánica, Brazil

Abstract


The genus Ocimum L. includes around 12 species round in Brazil, including some cultivated species. This paper gives details of the traditional uses of Ocimum by the Afrobrasilian people, with information on the common uses of plants by Africans. The information was derived fan specimens deposited in herbaria, ethnobotanical survey and literature review. The transpon of African species and their uses in Brazil is discussed. Two routes are presented, discussed and mapped: the European routes, transporting plants to Brazil; and the slave route from África to Brazil which also transponed traditional uses and knowledge. This study is based on four species used in Afrobrazilian ceremonies: O. americanum L., O. basilicum L., O. minimum L. and O. gratissimum L. Morphological, botanical and economic data are included, and a key to identify the species found in Brazil is also provided.

Keywords


Lamiaceae; Ocimum; ethnobotany; Brazil

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