Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol 62, No 2 (2005)

Las Euglenófitas en las Tablas de Daimiel como ejemplo de las limitaciones de los indicadores biológicos de la degradación ambiental


https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2005.v62.i2.19

Visitación Conforti
Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología Experimental, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Marie Lionard
Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universidad de Valencia, Spain

Matilde Segura
Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universidad de Valencia, Spain

Carmen Rojo
Instituto Cavanilles de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Universidad de Valencia, Spain

Abstract


Las Tablas de Daimiel National Park is a semiarid, hypertrophic wetland located in La Mancha (Ciudad Real, Central Spain). During the period 1996-2002 we carried out monthly samplings at three sites of Las Tablas. Thirty five taxa of Euglenophytes of the genera Astasia (1 taxon), Euglena (15), Lepocinclis (6), Phacus (9), and Trachelomonas (4) were identified. Six taxa are new records for Spain. Abundance, species richness, species groups and absolute and relative biomass of Euglenophytes widely fluctuated spatio-temporally in Las Tablas, without any statistically significant relationship (P > 0.05) with organic carbon (either particulate or dissolved), which has been long considered the main factor controlling the occurrence and abundance of Euglenophytes. The same lack of relationship was observed for other nutrients, such as ammonia, soluble reactive phosphorus and total nitrogen and phosphorus. Our results challenge the role of Euglenophytes for assessing environmental degradation in hypertrophic ecosystems, a topic of increasing interest in view of the newly implemented European Water Framework Directive and its proposals for biological monitoring. However, these results might invigorate ecological studies on Euglenophytes, still in its infancy unlike in other algal groups.

Keywords


ecology; fluctuation; phytoplankton; water quality; Water Framework Directive

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