Ophrys x castroviejoi (Orchidaceae), a new hybrid for Spain.


  • Lluís Serra Laliga Generalitat Valenciana, Conselleria d’Infraestructures, Territori i Medi Ambient
  • Jaume X. Soler Botanica Mediterranea S.L.




Alicante, hybrid, Spain, nomenclature, Ophrys, Orchidaceae, taxonomy


Ophrys x castroviejoi is described and illustrated; it is a hybrid of O. scolopax and O. speculum, wich was obtained artificially in 1931 and named as O. x kelleriella, considered nomen nudum. It is offered its known distribution and current situation in Spain.


Download data is not yet available.


Aldasoro, J.J. & Sáez, L. 2005. Ophrys L. In: Aedo, C. & Herrero, A. (eds.), Flora Iberica, vol. XXI. Smilacaceae-Orchidaceae: 165-195. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC. Madrid.

Arnold, J.E. 2009. Notes sobre el gènere Ophrys L. (Orchidaceae) a Catalunya i al País Valencià. Acta Botanica Barcinonensia. 52: 45-82, 141-145 (láminas).

Cozzolino, S., Nardella, A.M., Impagliazzo, S., Widmer, A. & Lexer, C. 2006. Hybridization and conservation of Mediterranean orchids: Should we protect the orchid hybrids or the orchid hybrid zones? Biological Conservation 129: 14-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2005.09.043

Cozzolino, S. & Widmer, A. 2005. Orchid diversity: an evolutionary consequence of deception? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20(9): 487-494. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2005.06.004 PMid :16701425

Delforge, P. 2001. Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient. Delachaux et Niestlé. Lausanne. PMCid:37541

Devey, D.S., Bateman, R.M., Fay, M.F. & Hawkins, J.A. 2008. Friends or relatives? Phylogenetics and species delimitation in the controversial European orchid genus Ophrys. Annals of Botany. Bot. 101: 385-402.

Devillers, P. & Devillers-Terschuren, J. 1994. Essai d'analyse systématique du genre Ophrys. Les Naturalistes belges, 75, hors-série –spécial «Orchidées» nº 7, supplément: 273-400.

Keller, G. 1932. Monographie und Iconographie der Orchideen Europas und des Mittelmeergebietes, Band 3. Berlín-Dahlem.

Keller, G. & Soó, K.R. 1931. Monographie und Iconographie der Orchideen Europas und des Mittelmeergebietes, Band 2. Berlín-Dahlem.

Kohlmüller, R. 1991. Eine Zusammenstellung der Hybriden von Ophrys speculum Link und ihrer Verwandten. Mitteilungen des Arbeitskreises Heimische Orchideen Baden-Württemberg 23(2): 321-330.

Laguna, E., Deltoro, V., Pérez Botella, J., Pérez Rovira, P., Serra, L., Olivares, A., & Fabregat, C. 2004. The role of small reserves in plant conservation in a region of high diversity in eastern Spain. Biological Conservation 119: 421-426. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2004.01.001

Lowe, M.R., Piera, J. & Crespo, M.B. 2007. Novedades en híbridos de Ophrys L. (Orchidaceae) para la flora de Alicante. Flora Montiberica 36: 19-26.

Mcneill, J., Barrie, F.R., Burdet, H.M., Demoulin, V., Hawksworth, D.L., Marhold, K., Nicolson, D.H., Prado, J., Silva, P.C., Skog, J.E., Wiersema, J.H. & Turland, N.J. (eds.). 2006. International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna Code) adopted by the Seventeenth International Botanical Congress Vienna, Austria, July 2005. Regnum Vegetabile 146. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag KG.

Seehausen, O. 2004. Hybridization and adaptative radiation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19(4): 198-207. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2004.01.003 PMid :16701254

Soca, R. 2003. Bibliographie Hybrides d'Ophrys, ed. 8. PMid :15849966

Souche, R. 2008. Hybrides d'Ophrys du bassin méditerranéen occidental. Editions Sococor. Gap. PMid :18233032

Sundermann, H. 1980. Europäische und mediterrane Orchideen: eine Bestimmungsflora mit Berücksichtigung der Okologie. 3ª ed. Hannover.

Thiers, B. 2012. Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden's Virtual Herbarium. http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/ [en actualización constante; consultado el 2-I-2012].

Vila, J. 2009. Noves aportacions sobre la distribució d'alguns tàxons del gènere Ophrys L. (Orchidaceae) a Catalunya i al País Valencià. Acta Botanica Barcinonensia 52: 83-88, 146-147 (láminas).

Whitham, T.G., Martinsen, G.D., Floate, K.D., Dungey, H.S., Potts, B.M. & Keim, P. 1999. Plant hybrid zones affect biodiversity: tools for a geneticbased understanding of community structure. Ecology 80(2): 416-428. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1999)080[0416:PHZABT]2.0.CO;2




How to Cite

Serra Laliga, L., & Soler, J. X. (2012). Ophrys x castroviejoi (Orchidaceae), a new hybrid for Spain. Anales Del Jardín Botánico De Madrid, 69(2), 237–242. https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2328




Most read articles by the same author(s)