Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol 76, No 2 (2019)

Diversity of Myxomycetes in arid zones of Peru part II: the cactus belt and transition zones


https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2520

Carlos Lado
Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid CSIC, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6135-2873

Diana Wrigley de Basanta
Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid CSIC, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7700-8399

Arturo Estrada-Torres
Centro Tlaxcala de Biología de la Conducta, Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, Mexico
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5691-7844

Steven L. Stephenson
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Arkansas, United States
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9207-8037

I. Treviño
Universidad Nacional de San Agustín de Arequipa, Peru
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2406-7862

Abstract


The results obtained from a second survey for Myxomycetes in the arid areas of Peru are reported. A total of 37 localities from the cactus belt (‘cardonal’), between 1500 and 3000 m a.s.l., were sampled over six years. This survey is based on 601 identifiable collections of myxomycetes, developed in the field under natural conditions or those that were recovered from moist chamber cultures. In total, 84 taxa representing 19 genera were recorded. One new species, Cribraria spinispora Lado & D.Wrigley sp. nov., is described, three species new to South America and 22 additional new species for Peru are reported as well. Endemic plants, expecially cacti, had a particular relevance as myxomycete substrates. The predominance of the order Physarales T.Macbr. in arid areas is reinforced. Comments are included on some collections, as well as SEM micrographs of several species. A statistical evaluation of the diversity of myxomycetes in the cardonal area and a comparison of this area with the dry coastal desert of Peru and other Neotropical xeric environments are also included. Results show that the arid areas are rich in myxomycetes, and that each area has a unique assemblage. The differences appear to be related to the host plants.

Keywords


Amoebozoa; cactus belt; distribution; Eumycetozoa; plasmodial slime moulds

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