Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol 71, No 2 (2014)

A casual alien plant new to Mediterranean Europe: Ceiba speciosa (Malvaceae) in the suburban area of Palermo (NW Sicily, Italy)


https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2387

Salvatore Pasta
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Bioscienze e BioRisorse, Italy

Tommaso La Mantia
Dipartimento SAF, Italy

Emilio Badalamenti
Dipartimento SAF, Italy

Abstract


The abiotic and biotic characteristics of the first sites where floss silk tree behaves as a casual alien plant in the Mediterranean Europe are described. The species was probably first planted in botanical gardens of southern France few decades before mid XIX century. It was introduced in Palermo in 1896, a city which appears to match very well its climatic requirements. According to the available information on its biology and ecology in both its original and secondary range, the floss silk tree should not become an invasive alien plant in the Mediterranean. Nevertheless, several gaps need to be filled in order to increase our understanding of future trends of Ceiba speciosa in southern Europe, in particular, the eventual role of pollinators and seed dispersers outside the species’ natural range.

Keywords


South America; neophyte; naturalization process; urban ecology; introduction history

Full Text:


PDF

References


Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2009. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 105-121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x

Anonymous. 2006. Decreto 134/2006, por el que se declara bien de interés cultural, con la categoría de jardín histórico, el Jardín Botánico de la Universidad de Valencia. BOE 275 (17/11/2006): 40536-40540.

Badalamenti, E., Cusimano, D., La Mantia, T. & Pasta, S. 2013. The recent spread of the invasive woody alien plant Melia azedarach L. (Meliaceae), in Sicily. Il Naturalista siciliano, ser. 4, 37: 605-613.

Barbosa, J.M., Santos, Jr N.A. (dos) & Pisciottano, W.A. 2000. Effect of burial and submersion on seed survival of native species used in riparian forestation. Revista Arvore 24: 317-322.

Bazin, R. 1893. Sicile. Croquis italiens. Calmann Levy. Paris. 344 pp.

Berger, A. 1913. Chorisia speciosa St. Hil. Bullettino della Regia Società Toscana di Orticultura 38(10): 212-214.

Bernard, M.M.P., Couailhac, L., Gervais, P. & Le Maout, E. 1842. Le Jardin des plantes: description complète, historique et pittoresque du Muséum d'histoire naturelle, de la ménagerie, des serres, des galeries de minéralogie et d'anatomie, et de la vallée suisse. Curmer editeur. Paris. 416 pp.

Bianchini, E., Medri, M.E., Pimenta, J.A., Giloni, P.C., Kolb, R.M. & Correa, G.T. 2000. Anatomical alterations in plants of Chorisia speciosa A. ST.-HIL. submitted to flooding. Interciencia 25: 436-441.

Bois, D. 1893-1899. Dictionnaire d'horticulture illustré, Partie I. Paul Klincksieck Editeur. Paris. 640 pp.

Bruno, F. 1952. La Chorisia speciosa St. Hill. e la sua coltivazione in Sicilia. Lavori dell'Istituto Botanico e del Giardino Coloniale di Palermo 13: 1-19.

Casasayas Fornell, T. 2003. La flore ornamentale du nord-est de la Penisule ibérique. Bocconea 16(1): 73-79.

Catalano, G. 1916. Il Kapok. Origine, usi ed industria. Bollettino di Studi e Informazione del regio Giardino Coloniale di Palermo III(1-2): 3-27.

Daveau, M.J. 1888. Chorisia speciosa. Le Jardin 43: 270-271.

De Leo, A. 1967. Una nuova avventizia nel Palermitano: Boerhaavia repens Lin. ssp. viscosa (Choisy) Maire. Lavori dell'Istituto Botanico e del Giardino Coloniale di Palermo 22: 72-76.

De Souza, R.P. & Válio, I.F.M. 2001. Seed size, seed germination, and seedling survival of Brazilian tropical tree species differing in successional status. Biotropica 33: 447-457. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2001.tb00198.x

Della Valle, M.F. 2007. Affinità elettive di un locus: il Giardino Inglese della reggia di Caserta. Quaderni Rivista Ricerche per la Progettazione del Paesaggio, Sezione Temi del Paesaggio "Orti botanici dell'800" 4: 126-149. http://www.unifi.it/drprogettazionepaesistica/

Di Martino, A. & Perrone, C. 1962. Nuovo contributo alla flora arboricola di Palermo. Lavori dell'Istituto Botanico e del Giardino Coloniale di Palermo 18: 112-202.

Di Matteo, S. 1961. Gli Orléans a Palermo (Storia del Palazzo d'Aumale). S. F. Flaccovio Editore. Palermo. 171 pp.

Di Matteo, S. 1983. Il Palazzo d'Orléans. Linee d'Arte Giada. Palermo. 525 pp.

Engel, V.L. & Parrotta, J.A. 2001. An evaluation of direct seeding for reforestation of degraded lands in central Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Forest Ecology and Management 152: 169-181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00600-9

Fiori, A. 1923-1925. Nuova Flora Analitica d'Italia, contenente la descrizione delle piante vascolari indigene inselvatichite e largamente coltivate in Italia, vol. I. Tip. M. Ricci. Firenze. 944 pp.

Fleming, T.H., Geiselman, C. & Kress, W.J. 2009. The evolution of bat pollination: a phylogenetic perspective. Annals of Botany 104: 1017-1043. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcp197 PMid:19789175 PMCid:PMC2766192

Garrett, K.L., Mabb, K.T., Collins, C.T. & Kares, L.M. 1997. Food items of naturalized parrots in southern California. Western Birds 28: 196-201.

Gerber, M. 1892. Rapport de M. Gerber sur la visite faite par la Société au Jardin d'Essai du Hamma, près d'Alger. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 39: XCVIII-CI. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00378941.1892.10828719

Gibbs, P.E. & Semir, J. 2003. A taxonomic revision of the genus Ceiba Mill. (Bombacaceae). Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 60: 259-300. http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2002.v60.i2.92

Gibbs, P.E., Bianchi, M.B. & Taroda Ranga, N. 2004. Effects of self-, chase- and mixed self/cross-pollinations on pistil longevity and fruit set in Ceiba species (Bombacaceae) with late-acting self-incompatibility. Annals of Botany 94: 305-310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mch141 PMid:15238350 PMCid:PMC4242166

Gordon, D.R., Onderdonk, D.A., Fox, A.M., Stocker, R.K. & Gantz, C. 2008. Predicting invasive plants in Florida using the Australian Weed Risk Assessment. Invasive Plant Science and Management 1: 178-195. http://dx.doi.org/10.1614/IPSM-07-037.1

Hamdy, R.S., Abd El-Ghani, M.M., Youssef, T.L. & El-Sayed, M. 2007. The floristic composition of some historical botanical gardens in the metropolitan of Cairo, Egypt. African Journal of Agricultural Research 2: 610-648.

Hosking, J.R., Conn, B.J., Lepschi, B.J. & Barker, C.H. 2007. Plant species first recognised as naturalized for New South Wales in 2002 and 2003, with additional comments on species recognised as naturalized in 2000-2001. Cunninghamia 10: 139-166.

Kennard, D.K. 2002. Secondary forest succession in a tropical dry forest: patterns of development across a 50-year chronosequence in lowland Bolivia. Journal of Tropical Ecology 18: 53-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0266467402002031

Lojacono-Pojero, M. 1911. Sulla Chorisia speciosa S. Hil. a Palermo. Bollettino della Società Orticola del Mutuo Soccorso 9(1): 13-15.

Martins, C. 1866. Du Spitzberg au Sahara: étapes d'un naturaliste au Spitzberg, en Laponie, en Écosse, en Suisse, en France, en Italie, en Orient, en Égypte et en Algérie. J.-B. Baillière et Fils. Paris. 619 pp.

Miquel, F.A.G. & Groenewegen, J.C. 1857. Catalogus horti botanici amstelodamensis. Apud M. Westerman & filius. Amstelodami. 334 pp.

Mortillaro, V. (a cura di). 1835. Giornale di Scienze, Lettere e Arti per la Sicilia. Anno 13, vol. 51 (luglio-agosto-settembre), Tipografia del Giornale Letterario. Palermo. 708 pp.

Nardy, M. 1888. Le Jardin botanique et les jardins publics de Lisbonne. Journal de la Société Nationale d'Horticulture de France X: 469-474.

Oliveira-Filho, A.T., Jarenkow, J.A. & Nogueira Rodal, M.J. 2006. Cap. 7. Floristic relationships of seasonally dry forests of Eastern South America based on tree species distribution patterns. In: Pennington, R.T., Lewis, G.P. & Ratter, J.A. (eds.), Neotropical Savannas and Dry Forests: Diversity, Biogeography, and Conservation: 151-184. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Orlando, A. & Grisafi, F. 1977. Appunti per la flora esotica d'Italia. Informatore Botanico Italiano 9(2): 113-114.

Pasquale, G.A. 1872. Documenti biografici di Giovanni Gussone botanico napoletano tratti dalle sue opere e specialmente dal suo erbario. Atti dell'Accademia pontaniana X (1871-72): 1-55 (estr.).

Pasta, S., Badalamenti, E. & La Mantia, T. 2010. Tempi e modi di un'invasione incontrastata: Pennisetum setaceum (Forssk.) Chiov. (Poaceae) in Sicilia. Il Naturalista siciliano, ser. 4, 34: 487-525.

Pyšek, P., Richardson, D.M., Rejmánek, M., Grady, L., Williamson, M. & Kirschner, J. 2004. Alien plants in checklists and floras: towards better communication between taxonomists and ecologists. Taxon 53: 131-143. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/4135498

Raimondo, F.M. & Spadaro, V. 2006. Casi di spontaneizzazione in Sicilia di specie esotiche ornamentali. Il Naturalista siciliano, ser. 4, 30: 597-599.

Ranal, M.A., Santana, D.G. & Schiavini, I. 2010. Are there germination patterns for cerrado species? In: Del-Claro, K., Oliveira, P.S., Rico-Gray, V., Barbosa, A.A.A., Bonet, A., Scarno, F.R., Garzón, F.J.M., Sampaio, M.V., Morris, M.R., Ramirez, N., Marçal Júnior, O., Macedo, R.H.F., Marquis, R.J., Coelho, L., Martins, R.P., Rodrigues, S.C. & Luttge, U. (eds.), Encyclopedia of life support systems. Tropical biology and conservation management, savannah ecosystems: 106-159. UNESCO/EOLSS, Oxford. http://www.eolss.net

Ravenna, P. 1998. On the identity, validity and actual displacement in Ceiba of several Chorisia species (Bombacaceae), and description of two new South American species. Onira 3(15): 42-51.

Richardson, D.M., Pyšek, P., Rejmánek, M., Barbour, M.G., Panetta, F.D. & West, C.J. 2000. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants: concepts and definitions. Diversity and Distributions 6: 93-107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1472-4642.2000.00083.x

Rodal, M.J.N., Barbosa, M.R.V. & Thomas, W.W. 2008. Do the seasonal forests in northeastern Brazil represent a single floristic unit? Brazilian Journal of Biology 68: 467-475. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842008000300003 PMid:18833467

Ross, H. 1899. Beiträge zur Flora von Sicilien. I Teil. Erläuterungen und kritische Bemerkungen zum Herbarium Siculum. Centuria I. Bulletin de l'Herbier Boissier 7(1-4): 262-299.

Ruggiero, P.G.C., Batalha, M.A., Pivello, V.R. & Meirelles, S.T. 2002. Soil-vegetation relationships in cerrado (Brazilian savanna) and semideciduous forest, Southeastern Brazil. Plant Ecology 160: 1-16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1015819219386

Saint-Hilaire (de), A.F. 1825. Flora Brasiliae meridionalis. Vol. 1. Apud A. Belin. Parisiis.

Saint-Hilaire (de), A.F., Jussieu (de), A. & Cambessèdes, J. 1827-1828. Plantes usuelles des Brésiliens. tav. XLIII. Grimbert Libraire. Paris.

Sauvaigo, E. 1899. Flora mediterranea exotica. Énumération des plantes cultivées dans les jardins de la Provence et de la Ligurie, avec un tableau des collections botaniques les plus importantes de Marseille à Gênes. Typographie J. Ventre. Paris. 454 pp.

Schicchi, R. 1999. Spontaneizzazione di Ficus microcarpa L. (Moraceae) e Cardiospermum grandiflorum Sw. (Sapindaceae) in Sicilia. Il Naturalista siciliano, ser. 4, 23: 315-317.

Sorges, F. 1934. L'olio di Kapok estratto dai semi di produzione siciliana. Bollettino di Studi e Informazione del regio Giardino Coloniale di Palermo XIII: 37-43.

Souza, L., Kageyama, P.Y. & Sebbenn, A.M. 2003. Sistema de reprodução em população natural de Chorisia speciosa A. St.-Hil. (Bombacaceae). Revista Brasileira de Botanica 26: 113-121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-84042003000100012

Terracciano, N. 1894. La Chorisia speciosa St. Hil. del Giardino Botanico della Real Casa in Caserta. Atti del regio Istituto d'Incoraggiamento di Napoli 7(14): 1-7




Copyright (c) 2014 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Contact us: anales@rjb.csic.es

Technical support: soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es