Ethesia tanquana (Ornithogaloideae, Hyacinthaceae), a new species from the Tanqua Karoo (South Africa), with notes on E. haalenbergensis

Authors

  • Mario Martínez-Azorín CIBIO (Instituto de la Biodiversidad), Universidad de Alicante
  • Manuel B. Crespo CIBIO (Instituto de la Biodiversidad), Universidad de Alicante

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2311

Keywords:

Ethesia xanthochlora, distribution, ecology, habitat, taxonomy, Tankwa Karoo

Abstract


As a part of a taxonomic revision of Ethesia Raf., a new species, E. tanquana Mart.-Azorín & M.B.Crespo, is described from the Tanqua Karoo in South Africa. This new species is at first sight similar to E. haalenbergensis (U.Mu.ll.-Doblies & D.Mu.ll.-Doblies) Mart.-Azorín, M.B.Crespo & Juan and also E. xanthochlora (Baker) Mart.-Azorín, M.B.Crespo & Juan, but it differs in floral and vegetative characters as well as in its ecology and isolated distribution. A complete description, data on biology, habitat, and distribution of the new species are presented. An identification key for Ethesia and new data on the rare Namibian E. haalenbergensis are also given.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

APG II. 2002. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 399-436.

APG III. 2009. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group Classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 105-121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x

Baker, J.G. 1897. Ornithogalum. In: Thiselton-Dyer, W.T. (ed.), Flora Capensis 6(3): 494-516. Reeve & Co. London.

Chase, M.W., Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. 2009. A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families, Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 132-136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x

Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. 2011. A review of chromosome cytology in Hyacinthaceae subfamily Ornithogaloideae (Albuca, Dipcadi, Ornithogalum and Pseudogaltonia) in sub-Saharan Africa. South African Journal of Botany 77: 581-591. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2011.03.011

IPNI. 2012. The International Plant Names Index. Published on the Internet http://www.ipni.org [accessed January 2012].

Leighton, F.M. 1945. A revision of the South African species of Ornithogalum. Journal of South African Botany 11: 138-192.

Mannheimer, C., Maggs-Kölling, G., Kolberg, H. & Rügheimer, S. 2008. Wildflowers of the southern Namib. Macmillan. Namibia. PMCid:2405889

Manning, J.C. & Goldblatt, P. 2011. Albuca gariepensis (Ornithogaloideae), a new species of A. subg. Namibiogalum from Gordonia, South Africa, and A. prasina transferred to Ornithogalum. Bothalia 41(2): 314-319.

Manning, J.C., Goldblatt, P. & Fay, M.F. 2004. A revised generic synopsis of Hyacinthaceae in Sub-Saharan Africa, based on molecular evidence, including new combinations and the new tribe Pseudoprospereae. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 60(3): 533-568.

Manning, J.C., Forest, F., Dion, S.D., Fay, M.F. & Goldblatt, P. 2009. A molecular phylogeny and a revised classification of Ornithogaloideae (Hyacinthaceae) based on an analysis of four plastid DNA regions. Taxon 58(1): 77-107.

Martínez-Azorín, M., Crespo, M.B. & Juan, A. 2007. Taxonomic revision of Ornithogalum subg. Cathissa (Salisb.) Baker (Hyacinthaceae). Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 64(1): 7-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2007.v64.i1.47

Martínez-Azorín, M., Crespo, M.B. & Juan, A. 2010. Taxonomic revision of Ornithogalum subg. Beryllis (Hyacinthaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Belgian Journal of Botany 142(2): 140-162.

Martínez-Azorín, M., Crespo, M.B., Juan, A. & Fay, M.F. 2011. Molecular phylogenetics of subfamily Ornithogaloideae (Hyacinthaceae) based on nuclear and plastid DNA regions, including a new taxonomic arrangement. Annals of Botany 107: 1-37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcq207 PMid :21163815 PMCid:3002468

Mucina, L. & Rutherford, M.C. (eds.). 2006. The vegetation of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. South African National Biodiversity Institute. Pretoria.

Müller-Doblies, U. & Mu.ller-Doblies, D. 1996. Revisionula incompleta Ornithogalorum Austro-Africanorum (Hyacinthaceae). Feddes Repertorium 107(5-6): 361-548. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fedr.19961070511

Obermeyer, A.A. 1966. Ornithogalum xanthochlorum. In: Codd, L.E. (ed.), The Flowering Plants of Africa 37: Pl. 1463.

Obermeyer, A.A. 1978. Ornithogalum: a revision of the southern African species. Bothalia 12(3): 323-376.

Pfosser, M. & Speta, F. 1999. Phylogenetics of Hyacinthaceae based on plastid DNA sequences. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 86: 852-875. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2666172

Rafinesque, C.S. 1837. Flora Telluriana 3. H. Probasco. Philadelphia, PA. Speta, F. 1998. Hyacinthaceae. In: Kubitzki, K. (ed.), The families and genera of vascular plants 3: 261-285. Springer. Berlin.

Thiers, B. 2012. Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden's Virtual Herbarium. http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/ [continuously updated; accessed January 2012]

Van der Merwe, H. & van Rooyen, G. 2010. Wild flowers of the Roggeveld and the Tanqua. H. van der Merwe. Calvinia.

Van Wyk, A.E. & Smith, G.F. 2001. Regions of Floristic Endemism in Southern Africa. A review with emphasis on succulents. Umdaus Press. Hatfield.

Downloads

Published

2012-12-30

How to Cite

Martínez-Azorín, M., & Crespo, M. B. (2012). Ethesia tanquana (Ornithogaloideae, Hyacinthaceae), a new species from the Tanqua Karoo (South Africa), with notes on E. haalenbergensis. Anales Del Jardín Botánico De Madrid, 69(2), 201–208. https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2311

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

  • Ana Rifón, Ángela Noguerol, Nieves Marcos, Patricia Navarro, Juan Ignacio Cubero, Leopoldo Medina, Santos Cirujano, José Gabriel Segarra, Nieves Redondo, Marina Horjales, Alfonso Blanco, Joao Domingues De Almeida, Jorge Baonza, Leopoldo Medina, Miguel Menezes de Sequeira, Carlos Aedo, José Luis Fernández Alonso, Roberto Roselló, Juan Bautista Peris, Gerardo Stübing, Pedro Sánchez Gómez, Teresa Navarro, Paloma Blanco, Adolfo Espejo Serna, Ana Rosa López Ferrari, Francisco Barreto Caldas, Joao José Honrado, Henrique Nepomuceno Alves, José Carlos Cristobal, Elena Camuñas, Manuel B. Crespo, Modesto Luceño, Marcio Lacerda Lopes Martins, Enrique Sánchez Gullón, Francisco María Vázquez, Vicenta de la Fuente, Emma Ortuñez, Jochen Muller, Alfredo Barra, Carlos Cortizo, Elvira Sahuquillo, Juanma Martino, Herminio S. Nava, M. Ángeles Fernández Casado, Joao Domingues de Almeida, Adriano Simoes da Silva, Consuelo Cebolla, José Ángel López Rodríguez, Juan José Lastra, Matias Mayor, Marco A. Mateos, Fernando Ojeda, Teodoro Marañón, Francisco Gómiz, Roberto Gamarra, Helena Silva, Pedro Santos, Jorge Paiva, Gines López González, Manuel Láinz, Notas Breves , Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid: Vol. 57 No. 1 (1999)
  • José Luis Solanas, Manuel B. Crespo, Felipe García Martín, A new Spanish species of Ferulago Koch (Apiaceae) , Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid: Vol. 58 No. 1 (2000)
<< < 1 2