Submerged macrophyte biomass distribution in the shallow saline lake Fuente de Piedra (Spain) as function of environmental variables


  • Rafael M. Conde-Álvarez EFYVE (Estudios de flora y vegetación S.L.)
  • Elena Bañares-España Departamento de Biología Vegetal (Botánica), Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Málaga
  • José M. Nieto-Caldera Departamento de Biología Vegetal (Botánica), Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Málaga
  • Antonio Flores-Moya Departamento de Biología Vegetal (Botánica), Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Málaga
  • Félix L. Figueroa Departamento de Ecología y Geología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Málaga



submerged macrophytes, eutrophication, lakes, maps, Fuente de Piedra, , Spain


Aquatic macrophyte biomass, diaspore bank distribution and their relationship to spatial variability of depth, nutrients (nitrite, nitrate, ammonium and soluble reactive phosphorus) as well as sediment granulometry in an athalassohaline lake have been studied during one wet hydrological year. The results indicate that species growing in the lake show different spatial distribution patterns throughout the lake. Indirect gradient analysis (canonical analysis) results showed a first axis defined as a function of Ulva flexuosa Wulfen biomass which is, in turn, positively correlated with interstitial ammonium and Soluble Reactive Phosphorus (SRP). The second axis was mainly established due to Lamprothamnium papulosum (Wallr.) J. Groves biomass which correlated positively to depth and negatively to interstitial ammonium and SRP. These results revealed a NESW eutrophic gradient allowing the U. Flexuosa biomass proliferation. This phenomenon could increase the shadow effect over the rest of the macrophytes inhabiting this shallow lake. Moreover, the eutrophic harmful effect on the macrophyte physiology and over the diaspore bank could have important consequences in the survival of such important populations. The results reported in this study show the need for studies as the base to select sampling points for monitoring this wetland.


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How to Cite

Conde-Álvarez, R. M., Bañares-España, E., Nieto-Caldera, J. M., Flores-Moya, A., & Figueroa, F. L. (2012). Submerged macrophyte biomass distribution in the shallow saline lake Fuente de Piedra (Spain) as function of environmental variables. Anales Del Jardín Botánico De Madrid, 69(1), 119–127.