Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol 77, No 1 (2020)

Sertulum Ternstroemiacearum I. Synopsis of the genus Freziera (Ternstroemiaceae) in Venezuela, including a new species from Cordillera de Mérida

José Grande Allende
Herbario MERF, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioanálisis, Universidad de Los Andes, Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of


The genus Freziera Willd. is distributed in Venezuela along major mountain systems, including Los Andes, Coastal Cordillera, and Guayana Shield. Two out of 11 Freziera species known from Venezuela are endemic to this country and could be endangered, but their actual conservation status is unknown, being Data Deficient according to the criteria of the IUCN. In this work, a key for the Venezuelan species is provided for the first time, and Freziera polita A.L.Weitzman ex J.R. Grande, sp. nov., from Cordillera de Mérida, is described and illustrated. Diagnostic characters of the new species, which is most closely similar to F. Guaramacalana D.Santam. & Cuello, include elongated petioles, subglabrous mature leaves, and corollas (at anthesis) that are exerted less than half the length of sepals.


Cloud forests; Freziereae; Pentaphylacaceae s.l.,;Ternstroemieae; Venezuelan Andes

Full Text:



APG IV. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181: 1–20.

Barker W.R. 1980. Taxonomic revisions in Theaceae in Papuasia, I. Gordonia, Ternstroemia, Adinandra and Archboldiodendron. Brunonia 3: 1–60.

Berry P.E. & Weitzman A.L. 2005. Ternstroemiaceae. In Berry P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst B.K. (eds.), Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana, vol. 9: Rutaceae–Zygophyllaceae: 300–308. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Berry P.E. & Weitzman A.[L.]. 2008. Ternstroemiaceae. In Hokche O., Berry P.E. & Huber O. (eds.), Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 638–640. Fundación Instituto Botánico “Dr. Tobías Lasser”, Caracas.

Choisy J.-D. 1855. Mémoire sur les familles des Ternstroemiacées et Camelliacées. Memoires de la Société de physique et d’histoire naturelle de Genève 14: 91–186.

Corner, E.J.H. 1976. The seeds of dicotyledons, 2 voll. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Cuello A.N.L. & Cleef A. 2011. Bosques de Los Andes de Venezuela: caso el ramal de Guaramacal. In Aymard C. G.A. (ed.), Bosques de Venezuela: un homenaje a Jean Pierre Veillon: 74–105. BioLlania, edición especial nº 10.

Cuello [A.] N.L. & Santamaría-Aguilar D. 2015. A new species of Freziera (Pentaphylacaceae) from the Venezuelan Andes. Harvard Papers in Botany 20: 147–150.

IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. Second edition. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN.

Kobuski C.E. 1937. Studies in Theaceae, II. Cleyera. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 18: 118–129.

Kobuski C.E. 1941a. Studies in the Theaceae, VII. The American species of the genus Cleyera. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 22: 395–416.

Kobuski, C.E. 1941b. Studies in the Theaceae, VIII. A synopsis of the genus Freziera. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 22: 457–496.

Luna I. & Ochoterena H. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships of the genera of Theaceae based on morphology. Cladistics 20: 223–270.

Melchior H. 1925. Theaceae. In Engler H.G.A. & Prantl K.A.E. (eds.), Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 21: 109–154.

Numen-The Latin Lexicon. Website: [accessed 15 April 2017].

Prince L.M. & Parks C.R. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Theaceae inferred from chloroplast DNA sequence data. American Journal of Botany 88: 2309–2320.

Rose J.P., Kleist T.J., Löfstrand S.D., Drew B.T., Schönenberger J. & Sytsma K.J. 2018. Phylogeny, historical biogeography, and diversification of angiosperm order Ericales suggest ancient Neotropical and East Asian connections. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 122: 59–79.

Santamaría-Aguilar D. & Monro A.K. 2019. Compendium of Freziera (Pentaphylacaceae) of South America including eleven new species and the typification of 22 names. Kew Bulletin 74: 14.

Stearn W.T. 2013. Botanical Latin, Fourth Edition, Timber Press, Portland.

Stevens, P.F. 2001–. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Webstite: http://www.mobot. org/MOBOT/research/APweb/ (accessed 21 May 2020).

Szyszyłowicz I. 1893. Theaceae. In Engler H.G.A. & Prantl K.A.E. (eds.), Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien III, 6: 175–192.

Tsou C.-h., Li L. & Vijayan K. 2016. The intra-familial relationships of Pentaphylacaceae s.l. as revealed by DNA sequence analysis. Biochemical Genetics 54: 270–282

Weitzman A.L. 1987. Systematics of Freziera Willd. (Theaceae). Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University, Cambridge (Massachusetts).

Weitzman A.L., Dressler S. & Stevens P.F. 2004. Ternstroemiaceae. In Kubitzki K. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. VI. Flowering Plants. Dicotyledons. Celastrales, Oxalidales, Rosales, Cornales, Ericales: 450–460. Springer, Berlin

Copyright (c) 2020 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Contact us:

Technical support: