Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol 75, No 2 (2018)

Fruit morphology of the genus Pimpinella (Apiaceae) in Turkey


https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2509

Yeter Yeşil
Istanbul University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Deparment of Pharmaceutical Botany, Turkey
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4458-7881

Emine Akalın
Istanbul University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Deparment of Pharmaceutical Botany, Turkey
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0307-2128

Aşkın Akpulat
Cumhuriyet University, Faculty of Education, Department of Biology Education, Turkey
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8394-2746

Cem Vural
Erciyes University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Biology, Turkey
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9929-9935

Abstract


To explore if fruit morphology could aid in taxonomy of the genus Pimpinella L., we have undertaken a study of fruits from 26 Turkish taxa of Pimpinella using light and scanning electron microscopy—SEM—. A great deal of inter and intraspecific variation for both fruit shape and surface was observed. Fruit shapes of Turkish taxa of Pimpinella range from oblong-cylindrical to subglobose and indumentum when present can be strigose, hispid and may include hamate trichomes. Variation in fruit surface is also considerable and allows recognizing nine different ornamentation patterns. However, variation in shape, surface ornamentation and indumentum is not tightly associated since species with similar fruit shapes do not necessarily have similar surface ornamentation. To jointly analyse fruit morphology together with the most commonly used morphological characters of the whole plant and to compare morphological evidence with available phylogenetic hypotheses, a cluster analysis was also performed: the Turkish species of Pimpinella were clustered into two distinct groups, the second one subdivided in another two subgroups.

Keywords


Apiaceae; morphology; Pimpinella; taxonomy; Turkey

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