Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol 73, No 1 (2016)

Myxomycete diversity in the coastal desert of Peru with emphasis on the lomas formations


https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2436

Carlos Lado
Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid, CSIC, Spain

Diana Wrigley de Basanta
Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid, CSIC, Spain

Arturo Estrada-Torres
Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Biológicas, Univ. Autónoma de Tlaxcala, Mexico

Steven L. Stephenson
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Arkansas, United States

Abstract


Results obtained from the first survey for myxomycetes in the hyperarid areas of Peru are reported. Sampling over three consecutive years was carried out at 96 localities between 0 and 1500 m elevation. A total of 78 species from 23 genera in all 6 myxomycete orders were determined from 723 collections of myxomycetes. One new species, Didymium peruvianum, is described, 2 species new to the Neotropics, 4 new records for South America and 41 additional new species for Peru are reported, increasing the country catalogue by over 50%. Results show that arid areas are rich in myxomycetes, and that each area has a unique species assemblage. Endemic plants had a particular relevance as myxomycete substrates. The predominance of the order Physarales in arid areas is reinforced, and the ecological importance of coastal fogs (garúas) is evident from the results. Comments are included on interesting or rare collections, as are SEM micrographs of several species and statistical evaluation of the results.

Keywords


Amoebozoa; arid ecoregion; distribution; endemic plants; Eumycetozoa; myxobiota; Myxogastria; plasmodial slime moulds

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References


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