Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol 69, No 1 (2012)

Paleobiology of the genus Hypericum (Hypericaceae): a survey of the fossil record and its palaeogeographic implications


https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2306

Andrea S. Meseguer
Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Spain

Isabel Sanmartín
Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Spain

Abstract


Genus Hypericum is one of the 100 largest genera in angiosperms with nearly 500 species. Despite its worldwide, nearly cosmopolitan distribution and apparently old age – there are fossil remains of relatives from the Mid Cretaceous - the fossil record of Hypericum has been largely overlooked in phylogenetic studies. Here, we survey the fossil record of Hypericum from the literature, with special emphasis on the oldest fossil remain, Hypericum antiquum, from which we reassess its diagnostic characters. We evaluate the implications of this record in reconstructing the past geographic distribution of genus Hypericum.

Keywords


Boreotropical; fossil; Hypericum; palaeogeography; pollen; sedes

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References


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