Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol 68, No 1 (2011)

Biodiversity of Myxomycetes from the Monte Desert of Argentina


https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2266

C. Lado
Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Spain

D. Wrigley de Basanta
Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Spain

A. Estrada-Torres
Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala, Mexico

Abstract


A biodiversity survey for myxomycetes was carried out in the Monte Desert (Argentina) and surrounding areas in November 2006 and late February and March 2007. Specimens were collected in seven different provinces (Catamarca, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, San Juan, San Luis and Tucumán), between 23º and 33º S latitude, and a total of 105 localities were sampled. Cacti and succulent plants were the most common type of substrate investigated, but shrubs and herbs characteristic of this biome were also included in the survey. Almost six hundred specimens of myxomycetes from 72 different species in 22 genera were collected either in the field, or from moist chamber cultures prepared with samples of plant material obtained from the same collecting sites. The results include 1 species new to science, Macbrideola andina three more species recently described based on material from this survey, 5 species cited for the first time for the Neotropics, 11 new records for South America and 38 new records for Argentina. Taxonomic comments on rare or unusual species are included and illustrated with photographs by LM and SEM. Data are presented on the development of some species and microenvironmental factors are discussed. An analysis of the biodiversity of myxomycetes in this area, and a comparison with other desert areas, are included.

Keywords


Amoebozoa; arid environments; Neotropics; Protista; SEM; slime mould; taxonomy

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References


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