Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol 66, No 2 (2009)

Former charophyte communities in l’Albufera de València revealed by a study of the sediment bank oospores


https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.2214

María A. Rodrigo
Laboratorio de Ecología Integrativa, Institut Cavanilles de Biodiversitat i Biologia Evolutiva, Universitat de València, Spain

José Luis Alonso-Guillén
Laboratorio de Ecología Integrativa, Institut Cavanilles de Biodiversitat i Biologia Evolutiva, Universitat de València, Spain

Santos Cirujano
Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Spain

Ingeborg Soulié-Märsche
Institut des Sciences de l’Evolution, Paleoenvironments, Université Montpellier II, France

Abstract


Charophyte oospores and their features (size, shape, colour, outer wall ornamentation, etc.) are able to persist in seed banks of aquatic ecosystems. Thus, these characteristics can be used for taxonomic species identification, thereby providing knowledge about the specific composition of the charophyte community in a habitat that currently lacks, or has greatly altered, submerged vegetation. Several years ago, l’Albufera de València lost the charophyte meadows that covered the lake bottom in the past, which had never been studied in detail. Several sediment cores were extracted from the lagoon at three sites and the oospores and gyrogonites were isolated and characterized. The oospore/gyrogonite densities in the sediment layers were estimated. Ten different taxa have been identified: six belonging to genus Chara [Ch. vulgaris, Ch. Hispida var. major, Ch. fragilis (Ch. globularis), Ch. Hispida var. baltica, Ch. aspera, Ch. tomentosa]; one Nitella species (N. hyalina), two Tolypella species (T. glomerata and T. hispanica) and one Lamprothamnium species (L. papulosum). The latter, which indicates the period when water salinity was high in the lagoon, was found in the deepest sediment layers. An increase in the oospore abundance and diversity was observed in line with sediment depth. This indicates, on the one hand, that the lagoon went through different ecological stages (with important changes in salinity, mainly) and, on the other hand, the eutrophication process that the lagoon has been undergoing for at least the last 45 years, has progressively affected the abundance and diversity of the charophyte community.

Keywords


Charophyte; Oospores; l’Albufera; València; Spain; Chara; Nitella; Tolypella; Lamprothamnium

Full Text:


PDF

References


Arévalo, C. 1916. Introducción al estudio de los cladóceros del plankton de la Albufera de Valencia. Trabajos del Laboratorio de Hidrobiología Española 1. Anales del Instituto General y Técnico de Valencia 1.

Blindow, I. 1992. Decline of charophytes during eutrophication: comparison with angiosperms. Freshwater Biology 28: 9-14. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.1992.tb00557.x

Boira, H. & Carretero, J.L. 1985. Las carofíceas de las provincias de Castellón y Valencia. Collectanea Botanica (Barcelona) 16: 13-18.

Bonis, A., & Grillas, P. 2002. Deposition, germination and spatiotemporal patterns of charophyte propagule banks: a review. Aquatic Botany 72: 235-248. doi:10.1016/S0304-3770(01)00203-0

Cirujano, S. & Medina, L. 2002. Plantas acuáticas de las lagunas y humedales de Castilla-La Mancha. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC; Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha.

Cirujano, S., García Murillo, P., Meco, A. & Fernández Zamudio, R. 2007. Los carófitos ibéricos. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 64: 87-102.

Cirujano, S., Cambra, J., Sánchez Castillo, P.M., Meco, A. & Flor Arnau, N. 2008. Flora ibérica algas continentales. Carófitos. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC.

Combroux, I., Bornette G., Willby N.J. & Amoros, C. 2001. Regenerative strategies of aquatic plants in disturbed habitats: the role of the propagule bank. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 152: 215-235.

Comelles, M. 1982. El gènere Tolypella a Espanya. Collectanea Botanica (Barcelona) 13: 777-781.

Corillion, R. 1962. Nouvelle contribution á l’étude des Charophycées de la Péninsule Ibérique et du Maroc occidental. Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Bretagne 37: 65-80.

Dafauce, C. 1975. La Albufera de Valencia. Un estudio piloto. Monografías del Instituto para la Conservación de la Naturaleza, ICONA 4: 1-127.

De Winton, M.D., Clayton, J.S. & Champion, P. 2000. Seedling emergence from seed banks of 15 New Zealand lakes with contrasting vegetation histories. Aquatic Botany 66: 181-194. doi:10.1016/S0304-3770(99)00074-1

De Winton, M.D., Casanova, M.T. & Clayton, J.S. 2004. Charophyte germination and establishment under low irradiance. Aquatic Botany 79: 175-187. doi:10.1016/j.aquabot.2004.01.013

Elkhiati, N., Soulie-Märsche, I., Gemayel, P., Flower, R. & Ramdani, M. 2004. Recent environmental changes at Sidi Bou Rhaba Lake (Morocco) inferred from fossil Charophyte gyrogonites. Cryptogamie, Algologie 25: 175-188.

García, A. & Chivas, A.R. 2004. Quaternary and extant euryhaline Lamprothamnium Groves (Charales) from Australia: Gyrogonite morphology and paleolimnological significance. Journal of Paeolimnology 31: 321-341. doi:10.1023/B:JOPL.0000021725.32489.bd

García-Roger, E.M., Carmona, M.J. & Serra, M. 2006. Hatching and viability of rotifer diapausing eggs collected from pond sediments. Freshwater Biology 51: 1351-1358. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.2006.01583.x

Guerlesquin, M.1963. Contribution à l’étude chromosomique des charophycées d’Europe occidentale et d’Afrique du Nord (II). Revue Générale de Botanique 70: 355-370.

Julià, R., Burjachs, F., Dasí, M.J., Mezquita, F., Miracle, M.R., Roca, J.R., Seret, G. & Vicente, E. 1998. Meromixis origin and recent trophic evolution in the Spanish mountain lake La Cruz. Aquatic Sciences 60: 279-299. doi:10.1007/s000270050042

Haas, J.N. 1994. First identification key for charophyte oospores from central-Europe. European Journal of Phycology 29: 227-235. doi:10.1080/09670269400650681

Horn af Rantzien, H. 1956. Morphological terminology relating to female Charophyte gametangia and fructifications. Botanical Notes, Stockholm 109/2: 212-259.

Krause, W. 1997. Charales (Charophyceae) In: Ettl, H., Gärtner, H. Heynig H. & Mollenhauer, D. (eds.), Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa 18. Stuttgart.

Kufel, L. & Kufel, I. 2002. Chara beds acting as nutrient sinks in shallow lakes-a review. Aquatic Botany 72: 249-260. doi:10.1016/S0304-3770(01)00204-2

Mandal, D.K., Ojha, S.N. & Ray, S. 2008. Species-specificity of oospore dimensions in three ecorticate species of Chara (Charales, Charophyceae). Aquatic Botany 88: 181-183. doi:10.1016/j.aquabot.2007.09.006

Martínez-Taberner, A. & Moyà, G. 1991. Water chemistry tolerance of Charophytes in a Mediterranean coastal marsh. Nova Hedwigia 52: 113-129.

Miracle, M.R., Soria, J.M., Vicente, E. & Romo, S. 1987. Relaciones entre la luz, los pigmentos fotosintéticos y el fitoplancton en la Albufera de Valencia, laguna litoral hipertrófica. Limnetica 3: 25-34.

Pardo, L. 1942. La Albufera de Valencia. Biología de las aguas continentales II. Instituto Forestal de Investigaciones y Experiencias. Madrid.

Prósper, E.R. 1910. Las carófitas de España. Singularmente las que crecen en sus estepas. Madrid.

Ray, S., Pekkari, S. & Snoeijs, P. 2000. Oospore dimensions and wall ornamentation patterns in Swedish charophytes. Nordic Journal of Botany 21: 207-224. doi:10.1111/j.1756-1051.2001.tb01359.x

Romo, S., Villena, M.J., Sauquillo, M. Soria, J.M., Jiménez, M. Alfonso, T., Vicente, E. & Miracle, M.R. 2005. Response of a shallow Mediterranean lake to nutrient diversion: does it follow similar patterns as in northern shallow lakes? Freshwater Biology 50: 1706-1717. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.2005.01432.x

Sanchis-Ibor, C. 2001. Regadiu i canvi ambiental a l’Albufera de València. Publicaciones de la Universitat de València, Departament de Geografia i Centre Valencià del Reg (UPV). València.

Serra, M., Miracle, M.R. & Vicente, E. 1984. Interrelación entre unos parámetros físicoquímicos y biológicos de la Albufera de Valencia. Limnetica 1: 9-19.

Soria, J.M. 1997. Estudio limnológico de los ecosistemas acuáticos del Parc Natural de l’Albufera de Valencia. Tesis doctoral. Universitat de València.

Soria, J.M. & Vicente, E. 2002. Estudio de los aportes hídricos al parque natural de la Albufera de Valencia. Limnetica 21: 105-115. Soria, J.M., Miracle, M.R. & Vicente, E. 1987. Aporte de nutrientes y eutrofización de la Albufera de Valencia. Limnetica 3: 227-242.

Soulié-Märsche, I. 1989. Étude comparée de gyrogonites de Charophytes actuelles et fossiles et phylogénie des genres actuels. Millau, France.

Soulié-Märsche, I. 1998. Fossil Lamprothamnium papulosum (Charophyta), a biomarker for seasonal rainfall in northern Mauritania. Paleoecology of Africa 25: 65-76.

Soulié-Märsche, I. 2008. Charophytes, indicators for low salinity phases in North African sebkhet. Journal of African Earth Science 51: 69-76. doi:10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2007.12.002

Van den Berg, M., Scheffer, S.M. & Coops, H. 1998. The role of Characean algae in the management of eutrophic shallow lakes. Journal of Phycology 34: 750-756. doi:10.1046/j.1529-8817.1998.340750.x

Van den Berg, M.S., Coops, H. & Simons, J. 2001. Propagule bank buildup of Chara aspera and its significance for colonization of a shallow lake. Hydrobiologia 462: 9-17. doi:10.1023/A:1013125603555

Vandekerkhove, J., Declerck, S., Brendonck, L., Conde-Porcuna, J.M., Jeppesen, E., Johansson, L.S. & De Meester, L. 2005. Uncovering hidden species: hatching diapausing eggs for the analysis of cladoceran species richness. Limnology and Oceanography-Methods 3: 399-407.

Vedder, F. 2004. Morphologie und Taxonomie rezenter und subfossiler Characeen-Oosporen aus der Ostsee. Rostocker Meeresbiologische Beiträge 13: 43-54.




Copyright (c) 2009 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Contact us: anales@rjb.csic.es

Technical support: soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es