Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol 56, No 1 (1998)

The genus Ocimum L. (Lamiaceae) in North-East Brazil


https://doi.org/10.3989/ajbm.1998.v56.i1.219

Ulysses Paulino de Albuquerque
Departamento de Botánica, Centro de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Pemambuco, Brazil

Laise de Holanda C. Andrade
Departamento de Botánica, Centro de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Pemambuco, Brazil

Abstract


A taxonomic revision of the genus Ocimum L. from North-East Brazil, including native species, in addition to naturalized and cultivated species, is presented here. Attention is paid to morphological characters, both vegetative and reproductive, and the nutlets and seedlings of two problem species are emphasized. Seven species belonging to three sections are recognized: O. americanum L., O. basilicum L., O. gratissimum L., O. transamazonicum C. Pereira, O. minimum L. (sect. Ocimum), O. campechianum Mill. (sect. Gymnocimum) and O. tenuiflorum L. (sect. Hierocimum). The accepted species, with their most important synonyms, detailed description and geographical distribution are given, after the Identification keys. Morphological variety is also discussed, and illustrations are given of all species.

Keywords


Lamiaceae; Ocimum; taxonomy; North-East Brazil; nutlets; seedlings

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